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Table 5 Adjusted Odds ratios (AOR) and 95% Confidence Interval (95% CI) for the effect of sociodemographic factors and potential barriers on the access to ANC (≥8) among Afghan women

From: Barriers and associated factors for adequate antenatal care among Afghan women in Iran; findings from a community-based survey

   AOR 95% CI p-value
Age group (year) 18–24 Ref   
25–34 0.24 0.11–0.52 0.001
35–44 11.61 2.80–48.20 0.001
Education Illiterate Ref   
Literate 8.65 2.48–30.11 0.001
Employment Unemployed Ref   
Employed 0.54 0.18–1.59 0.264
Husband education* Illiterate Ref   
Literate 4.67 1.91–11.40 0.001
Length of stay in Iran (years) ≤ 5 Ref   
>  5 3.29 1.43–7.61 0.005
Family income (Iranian Toman) <  4 million Ref   
≥ 4 million 8.59 3.45–21.36 0.001
Legal status Illegal Ref   
Legal 7.07 2.28–21.96 0.001
Poor knowledge/attitude toward ANC   0.06 0.03–0.15 0.001
Difficulties in access   0.33 0.11–1.00 0.050
Poor quality of services   0.17 0.07–0.41 0.001
Sociocultural/legal issues   0.46 0.19–1.10 0.080