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Table 3 The distribution of potential reasons and their association with adequate ANC (≥ 8 visits) in Afghan women

From: Barriers and associated factors for adequate antenatal care among Afghan women in Iran; findings from a community-based survey

  Number of ANC p-value
<  8 visits (%) ≥ 8 visits (%)
I was healthy 136 (50.0) 64 (42.1) 0.118
I think it is unnecessary 176 (64.7) 48 (31.6) 0.001
Expenses were unaffordable 192 (70.6) 72 (47.4) 0.001
Clinic was too far 184 (67.6) 48 (31.6) 0.001
Family members disapproveda 16 (5.9) 8 (5.3) 0.791
Poor transportation 216 (79.4) 72 (47.4) 0.001
Scare of / being discriminated or poorly treated 168 (61.8) 64 (42.1) 0.001
No one to accompany me 120 (44.1) 24 (15.8) 0.001
The services were not good 56 (20.6) 8 (5.3) 0.001
Long waiting time 96 (35.3) 24 (15.8) 0.001
Religious and cultural reasons 144 (52.9) 40 (26.3) 0.001
Better service at homea 8 (2.9) 0 0.055
Fear of arrest/deportation 120 (44.1) 24 (15.8) 0.001
Total 272 152  
  1. a These variables were not included in the factor analyses