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Table 2 The association between the sociodemographic factors and adequate ANC (≥ 8 visits) in Afghan women

From: Barriers and associated factors for adequate antenatal care among Afghan women in Iran; findings from a community-based survey

  Number of ANC p-value
<  8 visits (%) ≥ 8 visits (%) Crude OR (95% CI) a
Age group (year) 18–24 70 (25.7) 61 (40.1) Ref  
25–34 137 (50.4) 51 (33.6) 0.43 (0.27–0.68)  
35–45 65 (23.9) 40 (26.3) 0.71 (0.42–1.19) 0.002
Education Illiterate 120 (44.1) 40 (26.3) Ref  
Literate 152 (55.9) 112(73.7) 2.21 (1.43–3.41) 0.001
Employment Unemployed 128 (47.1) 88 (57.9) Ref  
Employed 144 (52.9) 64 (42.1) 0.65 (0.43–0.96) 0.032
Parity 1 48 (17.6) 32 (21.1) Ref  
2–4 152 (55.9) 88 (57.9) 0.87 (0.52–1.46)  
≥ 5 72 (26.5) 32(21.1) 0.67 (0.36–1.23) 0.399
Husband education Illiterate 128 (47.1) 31 (20.4) Ref  
Literate 144 (52.9) 121 (79.6) 3.47 (2.19–5.50) 0.001
Husband employment Employed 266 (97.8) 150 (98.7) Ref  
Unemployed 6 (2.2) 2 (1.3) 0.59 (0.12–2.97) 0.518
Family income (Iranian Toman) <  4 million 184 (67.6) 40 (26.3) Ref  
≥ 4 million 88 (32.4) 112 (73.7) 5.85 (3.77–9.10) 0.001
Length of stay in Iran ≤ 5 years 152 (55.9) 40 (26.3) Ref  
>  5 year 120 (44.1) 112 (73.7) 3.55 (2.30–5.47) 0.001
Legal status Illegal 136 (50.0) 24 (15.8) Ref  
Legal 136 (50.0) 128 (84.2) 5.33 (3.25–8.76) 0.001
Insurance * No insurance 112 (82.4) 32 (25.0) Ref  
Has insurance 24 (17.6) 96 (75.0) 14.00 (7.71–25.39) 0.001*
  1. * Only included the legal immigrant (n = 264)
  2. a The odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (95%CI) for adequate access to ANC (≥ 8 visits)