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Table 3 Univariable analysis of risk factors for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus among women attending Antenatal care at Muhimbili National Hospital and Aga Khan Hospital Dar es Salaam in 2018

From: Magnitude of screening for gestational diabetes mellitus in an urban setting in Tanzania; a cross-sectional analytic study

Risk factor Prevalence (%) p-value
Grand multiparity 6.9 0.709
History of GDM 1.1 0.094
History of PIH 9.5 0.022
Hypertension detected in current pregnancy 2.5 0.707
Pre-diabetic state 2.0 0.325
Glycosuria 3.6 0.002
BMI > 25 88.5 0.619
History of big baby 12.6 0.023
LGA in current pregnancy 4.5 0.903
Excessive weight gain 65.9 0.281
Family history of DM 29.6 0.671
Family history of HT 43.6 0.123
History of multiple pregnancy 3.7 0.479
History of hypertension 4.5 0.662
History of pregnancy loss 27.9 0.587
  1. Key: PIH Pregnancy Induced Hypertension, GDM Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, ANC Antenatal care, HT Hypertension, LGA Large for Gestational Age, BMI Body Mass Index