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Table 5 Predictors of bonding failure at T2 (N = 130)

From: A longitudinal study of bonding failure related to aspects of posttraumatic stress symptoms after childbirth among Japanese mothers

PBQ (T2)
  Total score Impaired bonding Rejection
and anger
Anxiety
about care
Risk of abuse
Marital status 0.083 0.077 0.069 0.114 -0.005
Economic status -0.013 0.003 -0.094 -0.065 -0.042
Years of education -0.016 0.008 0.084 0.041 -0.108
Employment -0.053 -0.041 -0.089 -0.081 0.108
Experience of birth 0.044 0.067 -0.027 -0.015 0.021
Nutrition -0.143* -0.093 -0.083 -0.109 -0.125
F.APGAR -0.172* -0.167* -0.245** -0.165* -0.021
RQ Secure -0.074 -0.065 -0.169 -0.067 -0.059
RQ Dismissive 0.162* 0.194* 0.013 -0.031 0.118
RQ Preoccupied 0.022 -0.040 0.017 -0.008 0.005
RQ Fearful -0.060 -0.067 -0.079 0.063 -0.072
EPDS (T1) 0.154 0.208* -0.004 0.174 -0.083
IES-R (T1) -0.023 -0.072 0.000 0.005 0.087
PBQ (T1) 0.520*** 0.520*** 0.537*** 0.482*** 0.257**
R^2 0.492 0.458 0.329 0.455 0.031
F 9.920*** 8.787*** 5.514*** 8.689*** 1.294
  1. Multiple regression analysis
  2. ***p < 0.001 **p < 0.01 *p < 0.05
  3. T1 1 month after delivery, T2 4 months after delivery, PBQ Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire, β standardized partial regression coefficient, R^2squared multiple correlation coefficient adjusted for the degrees of freedom, F.APGAR Family Adaptation, Partnership, Growth, Affection, and Resolve, RQ Relationship Questionnaire, EPDS Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale, IES-R Impact of Event Scale Revised