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Table 3 Factors relevant to bonding failure at T1 (N = 130)

From: A longitudinal study of bonding failure related to aspects of posttraumatic stress symptoms after childbirth among Japanese mothers

PBQ (T1)
  Total score Impaired bonding Rejection
and anger
Anxiety
about care
Risk of abuse
Marital status -0.006 -0.035 -0.052 0.033 -0.008
Economic status -0.116* -0.101 0.091 -0.163** -0.008
Years of education 0.090 0.028 -0.082 0.199** -0.182
Employment 0.151* 0.140* 0.047 0.141* -0.052
Experience of birth -0.168** -0.144* -0.048 -0.304*** -0.059
Nutrition -0.008 -0.017 0.047 0.022 -0.012
F.APGAR -0.015 0.011 -0.053 -0.100 -0.005
RQ Secure -0.216* -0.191** -0.068 -0.211** -0.220*
RQ Dismissive -0.015 -0.058 -0.169 0.020 -0.014
RQ Preoccupied 0.161* 0.190** 0.129 0.082 -0.010
RQ Fearful 0.006 -0.021 -0.023 -0.047 -0.101
EPDS (T1) 0.231** 0.231** -0.008 0.280** 0.005
IES-R (T1) 0.417*** 0.465*** 0.180 0.212** 0.216
R^2 0.616 0.589 -0.013 0.569 0.024
F 16.945*** 15.229*** 0.868 14.107*** 1.245
  1. Multiple regression analysis
  2. ***p < 0.001 **p < 0.01 *p < 0.05
  3. T1 1 month after delivery, β standardized partial regression coefficient, R^R^2squared multiple correlation coefficient adjusted for the degrees of freedom, PBQ Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire, F.APGAR Family Adaptation, Partnership, Growth, Affection, and Resolve, RQ Relationship Questionnaire, EPDS Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale, IES-R Impact of Event Scale Revised