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Table 6 Adjusteda regression analysis for additional exposure variables association with depression and anxiety, stratified by ethnicity

From: Antenatal depression and anxiety and early pregnancy BMI among White British and South Asian women: retrospective analysis of data from the Born in Bradford cohort

  White British South Asian
Variables Depression AOR (95% CI) Anxiety AOR (95% CI) Depression AOR (95% CI) Anxiety AOR (95% CI)
Age 0.98 (0.97–0.99)* 1.00 (0.98–1.01) 1.00 (0.99–1.01) 1.02 (1.01–1.04)*
Education
 Higher than A-level Reference group Reference group Reference group Reference group
 A-level 1.26 (0.97–1.62) 0.99 (0.79–1.25) 1.45 (1.18–1.77)** 1.31 (1.07–1.60)*
 GCSE 1.54 (1.22–1.95)** 1.15 (0.93–1.42) 1.22 (1.04–1.43)* 0.93 (0.80–1.10)
 None 2.12 (1.63–2.76)** 1.25 (0.98–1.59) 0.99 (0.83–1.77) 0.65 (0.55–0.78)**
IMD level
 Low deprivation Reference group Reference group Reference group Reference group
 High deprivation 1.17 (1.00–1.37) 0.93 (0.80–1.08) 1.13 (0.97–1.31) 0.98 (0.85–1.14)
Smoking status
 No Reference group Reference group Reference group Reference group
 Yes 1.32 (1.12–1.56)* 1.34 (1.14–1.57)** 2.08 (1.49–2.91)** 2.87 (2.02–4.07)**
  1. GCSE The General Certificate of Secondary Education
  2. IMD Index of Multiple deprivation
  3. AOR adjusted odds ratio
  4. CI Confidence Interval
  5. *Significant at 0.05 significance level (two-tailed)
  6. **Significant at 0.01 significance level (two-tailed)
  7. aAdjusted for BMI, maternal age, maternal education, area of residence deprivation and maternal smoking