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Table 4 Associations between the infection status and anemia in pregnant women, 15–49 y old with the hemoglobin concentration (in g/L) as continuous dependent variablesa

From: Associations of malaria, HIV, and coinfection, with anemia in pregnancy in sub-Saharan Africa: a population-based cross-sectional study

Infection status Adjusted estimated hemoglobin means (95% CI) estimates (SE) p-value
Malaria only 106 (100.1 to 113) −3.4 (1.6) 0.03
HIV only 109 (95.4 to 122) −1.2 (6.1) 0.84
Coinfection 102 (83.7 to 120) −8.1 (8.7) 0.35
No infection 110 (103.6. to 116) Reference  
  1. aAssociations were estimated with the use of generalized linear mixed-effects models (Gaussian error model and an identity link function). 95% of SEs were clustered by country and primary sampling units. Adjusted for age, trimesters and iron supplementation