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Table 3 Unadjusted and multivariable-adjusted prevalence ratio (95% confidence interval) for the association of infection status with anemia (Hb < 110 g/L) in pregnant women, 15–49 y olda

From: Associations of malaria, HIV, and coinfection, with anemia in pregnancy in sub-Saharan Africa: a population-based cross-sectional study

  Unadjusted PR (95% CI) p-value Adjusted PR (95% CI) p-value
Infection status
 Malaria only 1.26 (1.12–1.45) 0.0006 1.27 (1.12–1.45) 0.0004
 HIV only 1.42 (0.80–2.41) 0.20 1.41 (0.83–2.41) 0.21
 Malaria- HIV coinfection 1.36 (0.66–2.74) 0.40 1.22 (0.61–2.46) 0.58
 No infection Reference   Reference  
  1. aAssociations were estimated with the use of generalized linear mixed-effects models (binomial-distributed errors with log link function). All values are PRs (95% CIs)