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Table 1 Description of variables included in the analysis in south Ethiopia, 2018

From: Incidence and determinants of neonatal near miss in south Ethiopia: a prospective cohort study

Variables Description and categorization
Distant
 Place of residence The usual place of residence where the woman lives. Rural was coded as ‘1’ and Urban was coded as ‘2’.
 Parental Education Maternal and paternal education status. Categorized into two groups as ‘no formal education and ‘primary [1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8]’ and ‘Secondary [9,10,11,12]’ and above’.
 Parental Occupation Maternal and paternal occupation. Classified as ‘housewife for mothers, ‘farmer’ for fathers and ‘others’.
 Monthly income Income received by family in each month. Categorized into four based on lowest 25 percentile; <=79USD, 80-121USD, 122-155USD and > 155USD.
Intermediate
 Birth interval The period between last pregnancy and current pregnancy in months. Categorized as less than 24 months and greater than or equal to 24 months.
 Type of pregnancy Intention to become pregnant when women conceived. Grouped as ‘planned and unplanned pregnancy’
 ANC utilization Whether the women received at least one antenatal care check-up during pregnancy by skilled health care personnel. (1-Yes, 2-No)
 Frequency of ANC Number of visits for pregnancy check-up (1–1-3 visits, 2–4 visits).
 Women refereed for delivery Refereed from other health facility for delivery or pregnancy complication (1-Yes, 2-No)
Proximal
 Mode of delivery Categorized as “1-Vaginal delivery, 2- Caesarean section
 Sex The sex of the neonate (1- Female, 2- Male)
 Maternal complication* The occurrence of potentially life-threatening condition to women (1-Yes, 2-No)
  1. * Potentially life-threatening condition include severe postpartum haemorrhage, severe-preeclampsia, eclampsia, uterine rupture, sepsis