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Table 2 Access to Antenatal care services among married women of District Thatta , Crude Odds Ratios and 95%CI (n = 380)

From: Factors affecting the utilization of antenatal care among married women of reproductive age in the rural Thatta, Pakistan: findings from a community-based case-control study

Characteristics Not utilizers of ANC services (n = 51)
n (%)
utilizers of ANC services (n = 329)
n (%)
Odds Ratio 95%CI P-value
Road network distance
 ≥ 5 km 43(84.3) 259 (78.7) 1   
 < 5 km 8(15.7) 70(21.3%) 1.45 0.65–3.23 0.36
Perceived distance by respondent between house and Facility
 At walking distance 12(23.5) 61(18.5) 1   
 Far/Very Far 39(76.5) 268(81.5) 1.35 0.67–2.73 0.40
Availability of Personal transportation
 No 49(96.1) 296(90.0) 1   
 Yes 2 (3.9) 33(10.0) 2.73 0.64–11.75 0.18
Types of Roads
 Paved 21(41.2) 197(59.9) 1   
 Non-Paved 30(58.8) 132(40.1) 2.13 1.17–3.88 0.01
Mode of conveyance used by respondent to visit the Facility
 Own /Hired conveyance 43(84.3) 252(76.6) 1   
 Walking/Public transport 8(15.7) 77 (23.4) 1.64 0.74–3.64 0.22