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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of women utilizing antenatal care services in District Thatta, Crude Odds Ratios and 95%CI (n = 380)

From: Factors affecting the utilization of antenatal care among married women of reproductive age in the rural Thatta, Pakistan: findings from a community-based case-control study

Characteristics Not utilizers of ANC services (n = 51)
n (%)’
utilizers of ANC services (n = 329)
n (%)
Odds Ratio 95%CI P-value
Age of the woman at the time of interview
 ≤ 25 years 19 (37.3) 121(36.8) 1   
 More than 25 years 32(62.7) 208(63.2) 1.02 0.55–1.88 0.95
Parity
 Multiparous 19(37.3) 94(28.6) 1   
 1 to 4 children 28 (54.9) 203(61.7) 1.46 0.78–2.75  
 Nulliparous 4(7.8) 32(9.7) 1.62 0.51–5.11 0.45
Educational Status of women
 Illiterate 48 (94.1) 261(79.3) 1   
 Literate 3 (5.9) 68(20.7) 4.17 1.26–13.79 0.02
Educational Status of husband
 Illiterate 39(76.5) 183(55.6) 1   
 Literate 12(23.5) 146(44.4) 2.59 1.31–5.13 0.006
Current working status of woman
 Yes 21(41.2) 79(24.0) 1   
 No 30(58.8) 250(76.0) 2.21 1.20–4.09 0.01
Current working status of husband
 Yes 50(98.0) 313(95.1) 1   
 No 1 (2.0) 16(4.9) 2.55 0.32–19.7 0.37
Woman’s autonomy
 Autonomy 44 (86.3) 262(79.6) 1   
 No Autonomy 7(13.7) 67(20.4) 1.61 0.69–3.73 0.27
Place of residence
 Rural 46(90.2) 236(71.7) 1   
 Urban 5(9.8) 93(28.3) 3.62 1.39–9.41 0.008
Type of Family System
 Nuclear 21(41.2) 123(37.4) 1   
 Joint 30(58.8) 206(62.6) 1.17 0.64–2.14 0.60
Having Electricity
 No 32(62.7) 88(26.7) 1   
 Yes 19 (37.3) 241(73.3) 4.61 2.48–8.66 < 0.001
Type of House
 Katcha 40(78.4) 156(47.4) 1   
 Pakka 11(21.6) 173(52.6) 4.03 2.00–8.13 < 0.001
Intention of pregnancy
 Wanted 35(68.6) 106(32.2) 1   
 Unwanted 16(32.6) 223(67.8) 1.04 0.55–1.96 0.90
Knowledge about the antenatal care
 No 30(58.8) 64(81.4) 1   
 Yes 21(41.2) 265(80.5) 5.91 3.18–11.01 0.90