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Table 3 Multilevel multivariable logistic regression output for determinants of infant mortality among infants in Ethiopia, 2016

From: Factors affecting infant mortality in the general population: evidence from the 2016 Ethiopian demographic and health survey (EDHS); a multilevel analysis

VariableCrude OR (95% CI)Model I
AOR (95% CI)
Model II
AOR (95% CI)
Model III
AOR (95% CI)
Age
 15–191.00 1.001.00
 20–240.94 (0.59, 1.49) 0.89 (0.55,1.44)0.92 (0.57, 1.48)
 25–290.74 (0.47, 1.16) 0.71 (0.43,1.18)0.77 (0.46, 1.29)
 30–340.64 (0.40, 1.02) 0.57 (0.33,1.00)0.66 (0.37, 1.16)
 35–390.81 (0.50, 1.31) 0.64 (0.35,1.14)0.75 (0.42, 1.36)
 40–440.74 (0.42, 1.30) 0.56 (0.28,1.10)0.66 (0.33, 1.32)
 45–491.28 (0.65, 2.54) 1.02 (0.46,2.27)1.22 (0.55, 2.72)
Mothers’ educational Status
 No education1.49 (1.05, 2.11) 1.51 (0.98,2.30)1.25 (0.80, 1.93)
 Primary1.29 (0.88, 1.89) 1.26 (0.83,1.90)1.12 (0.73, 1.71)
 Secondary and above1.00 1.001.00
Wealth Index
 Poor1.44 (1.15, 1.79) 1.20 (0.93,1.55)1.01 (0.76, 1.35)
 Medium1.11 (0.81, 1.53) 0.93 (0.67,1.31)0.83 (0.58, 1.18)
 Rich1.00 1.001.00
Sex of Household head
 Male1.26 (0.99, 1.60) 1.27 (0.99,1.62)1.28 (0.99, 1.65)
 Female1.00 1.001.00
Birth order
 10.94 (0.70, 1.25) 1.00 (0.64,1.56)1.13 (0.73, 1.77)
 2–30.77 (0.59, 1.01) 0.80 (0.55,1.17)0.89 (0.61, 1.30)
 4–60.79 (0.60, 1.02) 0.84 (0.62,1.15)0.89 (0.65, 1.22)
 7+1.00 1.001.00
Child sex
 Male1.52 (1.27, 1.83) 1.50 (1.24, 1.82)1.51 (1.25, 1.82)*
 Female1.00 1.001.00
Twin birth
 No1.00 1.001.00
 Yes5.44 (3.91, 7.58) 5.53 (3.90,7.83)5.49 (3.88, 7.78)*
Duration of pregnancy
 Pre-term8.16 (5.61, 11.87) 7.80 (5.29,11.50)8.47 (5.71, 12.57)*
 Term1.00 1.001.00
Place of delivery
 Home1.00 1.001.00
 Government hospital/health center0.77 (0.62, 0.97) 0.80 (0.62,1.03)0.89 (0.68, 1.17)
 Health post0.74 (0.34, 1.60) 0.77 (0.35,1.70)0.78 (0.36, 1.72)
 Private and NGO HF0.67 (0.37, 1.23) 0.68 (0.35,1.33)0.76 (0.38, 1.52)
Residence
 Urban1.001.00 1.00
 Rural1.74 (1.29, 2.33)1.83 (1.30, 2.57) 1.76 (1.16, 2.67)*
Region
 Tigray1.001.00 1.00
 Afar2.02 (1.24, 3.28)1.96 (1.21,3.18) 1.66 (0.99, 2.76)
 Amhara1.53 (0.92, 2.54)1.48 (0.89,2.45) 1.34 (0.79, 2.25)
 Oromia1.51 (0.95, 2.42)1.44 (0.90,2.29) 1.26 (0.78, 2.05)
 Somali2.14 (1.35, 3.37)2.18 (1.38,3.43) 2.07 (1.29, 3.33)*
 Benshangul1.84 (1.11, 3.06)1.75 (1.06,2.91) 1.59 (0.94, 2.67)
 SNNPR1.47 (0.90, 2.38)1.41 (0.87,2.29) 1.42 (0.87, 2.33)
 Gambela1.53 (0.88, 2.64)1.60 (0.93,2.76) 1.28 (0.73, 2.27)
 Harari1.93 (1.12, 3.33)2.15 (1.25,3.72) 2.14 (1.22, 3.75)*
 Addis Ababa0.94 (0.47, 1.88)1.60 (0.75,3.39) 1.3 (0.58, 2.89)
 Dire Dawa1.54 (0.86, 2.77)1.88 (1.03,3.40) 1.91 (1.04, 3.51)*
Null Model
Intercept0.52 (0.39, 0.71)0.46 (0.31, 0.66)0.49 (0.36,0.69)0.45 (0.30, 0.67)
Log-Likelihood− 2021.15−2004.79− 1909.66− 1898.87
Deviance4042.34009.583819.323797.74
  1. *P-value < 0.05
  2. Model I: community-level factor Model II: individual-level factor Model III: Both community and individual-level factors