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Table 3 Risk of Bias Within Studies

From: Interventions to improve adherence to antenatal and postnatal care regimens among pregnant women in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review

Author, Date, CountryRandom Sequence Generation (Selection Bias)Treatment Allocation Concealment (Selection Bias)Blinding of Participants and Personnel (Performance Bias)Blinding of Outcome Assessment (Detection Bias)Incomplete Outcome Data (Attrition Bias)Selective Reporting (Reporting Bias)Other Sources of Bias
Ayiasi, 2016, UgandaLow riskLow riskUnclear riskUnclear riskLow riskLow riskUnclear risk
Cherniak, 2017, UgandaLow riskLow riskLow riskUnclear riskLow riskLow riskLow risk
Kirkwood, 2013, GhanaLow riskLow riskUnclear riskUnclear riskLow riskLow riskLow risk
Magoma, 2013, TanzaniaLow riskLow riskHigh riskUnclear riskLow riskLow riskLow risk
Waiswa, 2015, UgandaLow riskLow riskUnclear riskUnclear riskLow riskHigh riskLow risk
  1. Summarizes results from the Cochrane risk of bias assessment