Skip to main content

Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics of women who had a live birth in the five years preceding the survey from EDHS 2005, 2011, and 2016 in Ethiopia

From: Spatio-temporal distribution and associated factors of home delivery in Ethiopia. Further multilevel and spatial analysis of Ethiopian demographic and health surveys 2005–2016

Characteristics EDHS years
2005 2011 2016
Frequency (%) Frequency (%) Frequency (%)
Women age < 20 Years 1315 (12.26) 1132 (9.53) 851 (7.81)
20–34 years 6655 (62.07) 7861 (66.22) 7337 (67.38)
35–49 Years 2752 (25.67) 2879 (24.25) 2701 (24.80)
Mean ± SD 29.01 ± 6.94 29.04 ± 6.63 29.57 ± 6.60
Household head Male 9558 (89.15) 6168 (51.95) 9371 (86.06)
Female 1163 (10.85) 5704 (48.05) 1518 (13.94)
Marital status Not having partner 488 (4.50) 721 (6.07) 6.07 681 (6.25)
Had partner 10,233 (95.50) 11,151 (93.93) 100.00 10,208 (93.75)
Total 10,721 (100) 11, 872 (100) 10,889 (100)
Religion Orthodox 4543 (42.37) 4519 (38.06) 38.06 3718 (34.14)
Muslim 3752 (35.00) 4214 (35.49) 73.56 4519 (41.50)
Protestant 2138 (19.91) 2758 (23.23) 96.78 2297 (21.09)
Others 286 (2.68) 382 (3.22) 100.00 355 (3.26)
Residence Urban 760 (7.09) 1528 (12.87) 12.87 1213 (11.14)
Rural 9961 (92.91) 10,344 (87.13) 9676 (88.86)
Region Tigray 684 (6.39) 753 (6.34) 701 (6.44)
Afar 104 (0.97) 121 (1.02) 114 (1.05)
Amhara 2571 (23.99) 2656 (22.37) 29.74 2041 (18.74)
Oromia 4255 (39.69) 5014 (42.23) 71.97 4813 (44.20)
Somalia 455 (4.24) 365 (3.07) 508 (4.66)
Benishangul Gumuz 83(.78) 140 (1.18) 120 (1.11)
SNNP 2338 (21.81) 2494 (21.01) 2250 (20.67)
Gambela 29(.27) 40 (0.34) 27 (0.24)
Harari 20(.19) 29 (0.24) 26 (0.24)
Addis Ababa 141 (1.32) 222 (1.87) 243 (2.33)
Dire Dawa 36(.34) 39 (0.33) 46 (0.42)
Women education Unable to read and write 8502 (79.31) 8227 (69.30) 69.30 7201 (66.13)
Primary education 1772 (16.53) 3211 (27.05) 2904 (26.67)
Secondary education 409 (3.79) 266 (2.24) 510 (4.68)
Higher education 40 (.38) 168 (1.42) 274 (2.52)
Husband education Unable to read and write 6308 (59.03) 5966 (50.60) 5018 (48.57)
Primary education 3245 (30.37) 4867 (41.26) 4051 (39.21)
Secondary education 1023 (9.58) 584 (4.95) 6.81 790 (7.65)
Higher education 109 (1.01) 376 (3.19) 471 (4.56)
Women occupation Not working 7623 (30.71) 5597 (47.14) 6057 (55.62)
Working 3098 (28.89) 6275 (52.86) 4832 (44.38)
Husband occupation Not working 215 (2.00) 158 (1.33) 6199 (56.93)
Working 10,506 (98.00) 11,714 (98.67) 4690 (43.07)
Distance to health facility Big problem 6597 (60.58) 8956 (75.43) 6597 (60.58)
Not a big problem 4292 (39.42) 2916 (24.57) 4292 (39.42)
Media exposure No media exposure 7347 (68.41) 8956 (75.43) 7347 (68.41)
Has media exposure 3392 (31.59) 2916 (24.57) 3392 (31.59)
Had mobile No NA NA 9103 (83.60) 83.60
Yes NA NA 1786 (16.40)
Insurance Not insured NA NA 10,512 (96.54)
Insured NA NA 377 (3.46)
Had ANC No 5041 (71.86) 4543 (57.45) 2792 (37.42)
Yes 1973 (28.14) 3365 (42.55) 4670 (62.58)
Total 7014 (100) 7908 (1000) 7462 (100)
Birth order 1 2030 (18.65) 2261 (19.05) 2030 (18.65)
2–4 4660 (42.80) 5179 (43.62) 4661 (42.80)
≥5 4197 (35.55) 4432 (37.33) 4198 (38.55)
Parity ≤ 2 3135 (28.80) 3469 (29.22) 3136 (28.80)
2–5 4319 (39.67) 4710 (39.67) 4319 (39.67)
≥ 5+ 3433 (31.53) 3693 (31.11) 3434 (31.53)
Wealth index Poor 5091 (46.67) 5368 (45.22) 5091 (46.76)
Middle 2243 (20.60) 2437 (20.53) 2243 (20.60)
Richer 3554 (32.64) 4067 (34.26) 3555 (32.64)
Place of delivery Health institution 560 (5.22) 1180 (9.95) 2891 (26.56)
Home 10,161 (94.78) 10.691 (90.05) 7997 (73.44)
Total 10,721 (100) 11,872 (100) 10,889 (100)
  1. NB: NA = Indicates data not available in that EDHS year