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Table 3 Practice of maternal, newborn and child health behaviors by participant group for study population (n = 326)

From: Promoting positive maternal, newborn, and child health behaviors through a group-based health education and microfinance program: a prospective matched cohort study in western Kenya

Health BehaviorStudy Population (n = 326)Chamas (n = 211)Control (n = 115)
M ± SD or % (n)M ± SD or % (n)M ± SD or % (n)
Delivered in a facility with skilled birth attendant*,b
 Yes72.4 (236)84.4 (178)50.4 (58)
 No22.7 (74)12.8 (27)40.9 (47)
Attended ≥ 4 ANC visits*,b
 Yes54.6 (178)64.0 (135)37.4 (43)
 No43.9 (143)33.7 (71)62.6 (72)
Received CHV 48-h postpartum home visit*,b
 Yes62.6 (204)75.8 (160)38.3 (44)
 No32.5 (106)19.9 (42)55.7 (64)
Exclusively breastfed ≥ 6 months*,b
 Yes69.6 (227)82.0 (173)47.0 (54)
 No22.7 (74)11.9 (25)42.6 (49)
Adoptedanymodern family planning method or permanent method (oral contraceptives, injections, IUD, implant, tubal ligation)b
 Yes57.4 (187)58.2 (123)55.6 (64)
 No41.7 (136)40.7 (86)44.3 (51)
Adopted along-term or permanent methodof family planning (IUD, implant, tubal ligation)a
 Yes65.0 (122)66.7 (82)62.5 (40)
 No34.8 (65)33.3 (41)47.1 (24)
Infant received OPV0 immunizationb
 Yes89.5 (292)91.9 (194)85.2 (98)
 No3.4 (11)2.8 (6)4.4 (5)
  1. *Significant p < 0.001
  2. aAmong women who answered “yes” to adopting any modern family planning method (n = 187)
  3. bMissing data: facility delivery n = 6 (Chamas), n = 10 (Control); ANC visit attendance n = 5 (Chamas); 48-h CHV home visit n = 9 (Chamas), n = 7 (Control); Exclusively breastfed to 6 months n = 13 (Chamas), n = 12 (Control); Any family planning n = 2 (Chamas); OPV0 immunization n = 11 (Chamas), n = 12 (Control)