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Table 4 Medical indications for instrumental vaginal birth or emergency cesarean by study and control group (N = 205)

From: Maternal and neonatal outcome of births planned in alongside midwifery units: a cohort study from a tertiary center in Germany

 Study group
(n = 95)
Control group
(n = 110)
p value
Indications, n (%)  0.930
Abnormal FHR41 (43.2)54 (49.1) 
Delayed second stage36 (37.9)29 (26.4) 
Delayed first stage9 (9.5)8 (7.3) 
Other9 (9.5)19 (17.3) 
  1. FHR Fetal heart rate