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Table 6 Comparison of allocation groups in the trial period, October 2010 – September 2012

From: Health management committee strengthening and community mobilisation through women’s groups to improve trained health worker attendance at birth in rural Nepal: a cluster randomised controlled trial

 Control
n (%)
Intervention
n (%)
Odds ratio (95% CI)All
n (%)
Primary outcomes7468 (100)6253 (100) 13,721 (100)
 Institutional delivery2875 (38.5)2532 (40.5)1.45 (0.76, 2.78)5407 (39.4)
 Home delivery4590 (61.5)3721 (59.5)Ref8311 (60.6)
 Any delivery conducted by doctor, nurse or ANM2872 (38.5)2498 (40.0)1.43 (0.74, 2.74)5370 (39.1)
 Any delivery conducted without a doctor, nurse or ANM4596 (61.5)3755 (60.1)Ref8351 (60.9)
 Institutional delivery conducted by doctor, nurse or ANM2826 (37.8)2480 (39.7)1.43 (0.75, 2.75)5306 (38.7)
 Home delivery conducted by doctor, nurse or ANM46 (0.6)18 (0.3)0.49 (0.20, 1.20)64 (0.5)
 Stillbirth rate (per 1000 births)98 (13.0)**88 (14.0)**1.06 (0.75, 1.50)186 (13.5)**
 NMR (per 1000 live births)186 (25.1)¶159 (25.6)¶1.05 (0.75, 1.47)345 (25.3)¶
 Missing data on any primary outcome30 3
Secondary outcomes7468 (100)6253 (100) 13,721 (100)
  > =4 antenatal care visits5267 (70.5)4408 (70.5)1.04 (0.80, 1.35)9675 (70.5)
 Postnatal care visit2982 (39.9)2999 (48.0)1.77 (0.97, 3.23)5981 (43.6)
 Missing data on postnatal care visits41 5
Delivery site*2875 (100)2532 (100) 5407 (100)
 Sub-Health Post238 (8.3)578 (22.8) 816 (15.0)
 Health Post241 (8.4)115 (4.5) 356 (6.6)
 Primary Health Centre486 (16.9)408 (16.1) 894 (16.5)
 Government hospital1590 (55.3)1279 (50.5) 2869 (53.1)
 Private hospital213 (7.4)115 (4.5) 328 (6.1)
 Institution in other district66 (2.3)22 (0.9) 88 (1.6)
 Private clinic41 (1.4)15 (0.6) 56 (1.0)
 Free at point of care2639 (91.8)2388 (94.3) 5027 (93.0)
 Received maternity incentive2223 (77.3)2108 (83.3) 4331 (80.1)
 Missing data on costs and incentives4116 57
Delivery attendant7468 (100)6253 (100) 13,721 (100)
 Doctor1165 (15.6)816 (13.0) 1981 (14.4)
 Nurse1982 (26.6)1449 (23.2) 3431 (25.0)
 Auxiliary Nurse midwife1886 (25.3)2090 (33.4) 3976 (29.0)
 Health Assistant12 (0.2)25 (0.4) 37 (0.3)
 Assistant Health Worker127 (1.7)196 (3.1) 323 (2.4)
 Maternal and Child Health Worker88 (1.2)150 (2.4) 238 (1.7)
 Village Health Worker2 (0.0)10 (0.2) 12 (0.1)
 Female Community Health Volunteer120 (1.6)159 (2.5) 279 (2.0)
 Traditional Birth Attendant82 (1.1)23 (0.4) 105 (0.8)
 Mother-in-law1916 (25.7)1667 (26.7) 3583 (26.1)
 Husband807 (10.8)1085 (17.4) 1892 (13.8)
 Family member1096 (14.7)1086 (17.4) 2182 (15.9)
 Mother424 (5.7)361 (5.8) 785 (5.7)
 Neighbour1999 (26.8)1671 (26.7) 3670 (26.8)
 Natal sister117 (1.6)134 (2.1) 251 (1.8)
 No attendant at all265 (3.5)231 (3.7) 496 (3.6)
 Missing data on delivery attendant30 3
Attended FCHV women’s group353 (4.7)896 (14.3) 1249 (9.1)
  1. * Among women with institutional delivery only ** Numbers in brackets are per 1000 births ¶ Numbers in brackets are per 1000 live births
  2. ANM Auxiliary Nurse Midwife; CI confidence interval; NMR Neonatal mortality rate; Odds ratios are univariable