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Table 2 Study population with/without WIC during baseline and Great Recession periods (n / % unless otherwise indicated)

From: The effect of women, infant, and children (WIC) services on birth weight before and during the 2007–2009 great recession in Washington state and Florida: a pooled cross-sectional time series analysis

 Baseline
No WIC
Baseline
WIC
Recession
No WIC
Recession
WIC
Birth Weight
 Birth weight in grams
 SD=
 n=
3179.7
(620.6)
34,485
3217
(562.2)
97,033
3199.2
(616.5)
20,236
3210.5
(561.4)
75,081
 Low birth weight (< 2500 g)3285
(9.5%)
7886
(8.1%)
1895
(9.4%)
6128
(8.1%)
Mother’s Age
 Mother’s age, years (mean) SD=
 n=
24.0 (6.0)
34,478
22.1 (5.3)
97,024
24.5 (5.9)
20,234
22.2 (5.2)
75,077
 Teenage births (< 19 years) as component group of total study population8279 (24.0%)34,810 (35.9%)4315 (21.3%)26,041 (34.7%)
 Teenage births (age ≤ 14 years) as component group of total study population155 (4.5%)653 (6.7%)68 (3.4%)424 (5.6%)
Mother’s Race/Ethnicity
 Non-Hispanic White19,319 (56.9%)43,515 (45.3%)11,600 (58.4%)33,550 (45.2%)
 Hispanic Whitea5116 (15.1%)20,635 (21.5%)2502 (12.6%)14,459 (19.5%)
 Non-Hispanic Black5457 (16.1%)22,959 (23.9%)3236 (16.3%)18,309 (24.7%)
 Non-Hispanic Asian1557 (4.6%)1588 (1.7%)983 (5.0%)1381 (1.9%)
 Other2506 (7.4%)7472 (7.8%)1556 (7.8%)6519 (8.8%)
Additional Maternal Characteristics
 Foreign-Born (outside of the U.S.)12,437 (36.1%)27,872 (28.7%)7082 (35.0%)20,058 (26.7%)
 Married13,260 (38.5%)23,264 (24.0%)7661 (37.9%)16,057 (21.4%)
 Education Less than High Schoolb3660 (10.4%)11,414 (11.8%)1778 (8.8%)7533 (10.0%)
 Late or No Entry to prenatal care (not within the first 3 months of pregnancy)9746 (28.3%)26,509 (27.3%)5815 (28.7%)20,671 (27.5%)
  1. Abbreviations: g: grams; SD: Standard Deviation; WIC: Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children
  2. a This represents ALL Hispanic White ethnicity mothers (except Cuban)
  3. b For age > 20 years