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Table 3 Characteristics of Institutional deliveries compared with non-institutional deliveries

From: “Midwives do not appreciate pregnant women who come to the maternity with torn and dirty clothing”: institutional delivery and postnatal care in Torit County, South Sudan: a mixed method study

CharacteristicInstitutional delivery n(%)Non-institutional deliveryn (%)OR95% CIPValue
1. Payam of residence
 Nyong112 (96.6)117 (38.7)   
 Himodonge4 (3.4)185 (61.3)3.82.8–4.8< 0.001
2. Mother’s age (years)
  ≤ 2042 (36.2)42 (13.9)   
 21–3051 (44.0)92 (30.5)   
  ≥ 3113 (11.2)31 (10.3)   
 Unknown10 (8.6)137 (45.4)  < 0.001
 Mean age23.3 (SD = 5.3)25.6 (SD = 6.3)  0.004
3. Parity
 125 (22.7)40 (14.8)   
 2–566 (60.0)164 (60.5)   
  > 519 (17.3)67 (24.7)  0.089
 Mean parity3.2 (SD = 2.2)3.6 (SD = 5.3)  0.244
4. Attended ANC at least once
 Yes113 (97.4)193 (66.6)   
 No3 (2.6)97 (33.4)2.91.8–4.1< 0.001
 Missing information012   
5. No. of ANC visits for those who attended (n = 306)
 1–3 times32 (19.5)132 (80.5)   
  ≥ 4 times81 (57.0)61 (43.0)2.92.0–4.1< 0.001
6. Education level of mother
 Did not go to school31 (26.7)222 (75.8)  < 0.001
 Primary60 (51.7)66 (22.5)  < 0.001
 Secondary23 (19.8)5 (1.7)  < 0.001
 Tertiary2 (1.7)0 (0)   
 Missing information09   
7. Whether she wanted the pregnancy
 Yes at the time39 (34.2)131 (45.0)   
 Yes but later72 (63.2)154 (52.9)   
 No3 (2.6)6 (2.1)  0.136
 Missing information211   
8. Whether husband wanted pregnancy
 Yes at the time58 (51.3)136 (46.9)   
 Yes but later54 (47.8)151 (52.1)   
 No1 (0.9)3 (1.0)  0.725
 Missing information312   
9. Suffered complication during pregnancy
 Yes33 (28.4)43 (15.3)   
 No83 (71.6)238 (84.7)2.21.3–3.70.003
 Missing information021   
10. Planned person delivered her
 Yes15 (13.2)101 (36.1)   
 No8 (7.0)93 (33.2)   
 Made no plans91 (79.8)86 (30.7)  < 0.001
 Missing information222   
11. Payments made for delivery service
 Yes, in cash & kind8 (7.0)12 (4.3)   
 Yes, in kind70 (61.4)62 (22.3)   
 Yes, in cash1 (0.9)36 (12.9)   
 No, gave nothing35 (30.7)168 (60.4)  < 0.001
 Missing information224   
12. Main decision maker on place of delivery
 Self68 (61.3)105 (37.2)   
 Self and Husband18 (16.2)113 (40.1)   
 Husband alone13 (11.7)45 (16.0)   
 Mother in-law5 (4.5)15 (5.3)   
 Father in-law3 (2.7)0 (0)  < 0.001
 Other4 (3.6)4 (1.4)   
 Missing information51   
13. Any complications during labor
 Yes18 (16.2)22 (8.1)   
 No93 (83.8)230 (91.9)2.21.1–4.30.03
 Missing530   
14. Postnatal care attendance at least once within 42 days
 Yes47 (40.5)47 (16.4)   
 No69 (59.5)240 (83.6)3.52.1–5.6< 0.001