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Table 4 Bivariate and multivariate analysis of factors associated postpartum depression among mothers who have postnatal care, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia, 2018

From: Prevalence of postpartum depression and associated factors among postnatal care attendees in Debre Berhan, Ethiopia, 2018

Variables Postpartum Depression COR (95%CI) AOR(95%CI)
Yes No
Marital status Single 10 18 4.28 (1.81,10.13) 2.70 (0.72,10.21)
Widowed/widower 8 11 5.60 (2.09,15.03) 4.17 (1.14,15.20)*
Married 30 231 1.00 1.00
Attend modern school Yes 24 182 1.00 1.00
No 24 78 2.33 (1.25,4.36) 0.76 (0.34,1.71
Social support Poor 34 80 11.69 (2.70,50.67) 5.11 (1.00,26.18)*
Moderate 12 125 2.64 (0.57,12.19) 1.93 (0.36,10.36)
Strong 2 55 1.00 1.00
Husband support Poor 8 14 4.43 (1.65,11.8) 0.70 (0.14,3.57)
Moderate 20 91 1.70 (0.870,3.33) 1.02 (0.42,2.47
Strong 20 155 1.00 1.00
Serious illness, injury or assault to a close relative Yes 17 43 2.77 (1.41,5.44) 0.28 (0.08,10.96)
No 31 217 1.00 1.00
Died spouse, parent or child Yes 20 39 4.05 (2.08,7.89 0.56 (0.17,1.85
No 28 221 1.00 1.00
Died close family or relative Yes 21 41 4.15 (2.15,8.04) 2.92 (1.01,8.50)*
No 27 219 1.00 1.00
Has major financial crisis Yes 14 23 4.24 (1.99,9.03) 1.74 (0.55,5.49
No 34 237 1.00 1.00
Sacked from job Yes 5 7 4.20 (1.28,13.85 0.67 (0.21,2.11)
No 43 253 1.00 1.00
Unemployed/not able to work Yes 15 26 4.09 (1.97,8.51) 3.21 (0.68,15.12)
No 33 234 1.00 1.00
Separation due to marital difficulty Yes 13 29 2.96 (1.40,6.23) 0.72 (0.22,2.40)
No 35 231 1.00 1.00
Broken off steady friendship/relationship Yes 14 19 5.22 (2.40,11.37) 0.75 (0.22,2.50)
No 34 241 1.00 1.00
Serious problem with close friend, neighbor /relative Yes 13 24 3.65 (1.70,7.83) 1.86 (0.51,6.81)
No 35 236 1.00 1.00
Any problems with police/court Yes 6 12 2.95 (1.05,8.30) 0.62 (0.19,2.05)
No 42 248 1.00 1.00
Emotional/physical abused by parents Yes 9 17 3.30 (1.37,7.92) 1.51 (0.47,4.90)
No 39 243 1.00 1.00
Had a current hospitalized baby Yes 27 68 3.63 (1.926,6.84) 3.32 (1.39,7.93)*
No 21 192 1.00 1.00
Pregnancy intention Planned 35 225 1.00 1.00
Unplanned 13 35 2.39 (1.15,4.95) 0.75 (0.25,2.21)
Forced sexual activity Suffered 13 22 4.02 (1.86,8.69) 2.00 (0.68,5.93)
Not suffered 35 238 1.00 1.00
Diagnosed mental illness in the family Yes 15 29 3.62 (1.76,7.46 2.04 (0.68,6.14)
No 33 231 1.00 1.00
Diabetes mellitus Yes 12 16 5.08 (2.23,11.6) 2.40 (0.69,8.35)
No 36 244 1.00 1.00
  1. Key: * = p-value less than 0.05; COR crude odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval