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Table 2 Distribution of clinical characteristics by delivery mode following labor induction

From: Prevalence and risk factors for caesarean delivery following labor induction at a tertiary hospital in North Tanzania: a retrospective cohort study (2000–2015)

CharacteristicTotal (N = 1088)Caesarean delivery n (%)Vaginal deliver n (%)Chi-square p-value
Gestational age
 Term632 (58.09)198 (68.04)434 (54.45)< 0.001
 Preterm321 (29.50)45 (15.46)276 (34.63)
 Post term63 (5.79)31 (10.65)32 (4.02)
 Missing72 (6.62)17 (5.84)55 (6.90)
Indications for IOL
 PROM123 (11.31)12 (4.12)111 (13.93)< 0.001
 Post dates965 (88.69)279 (95.88)686 (86.07)
Methods of Induction
 Amniotomy1 (0.09)1 (0.34)0 (0.00)< 0.001*
 Oxytocin893 (82.08)250 (85.91)643 (80.68)
 Prostaglandins142 (13.05)21 (7.22)121 (15.18)
 Missing52 (4.78)19 (6.53)33 (4.14)
Parity
 Primiparity573 (52.67)181 (62.20)392 (49.18)< 0.001
 Multiparity515 (47.33)110 (37.80)405 (50.82)
Body Mass Index
 Underweight167 (15.35)39 (13.40)128 (16.06)0.226
 Normal360 (33.09)108 (37.11)252 (31.62)
 Overweight199 (18.29)52 (17.87)147 (18.44)
 Obese288 (26.47)72 (24.74)216 (27.10)
 Missing74 (6.80)20 (6.87)54 (6.78)
Birthweights
 Low368 (33.82)54 (18.56)314 (39.40)< 0.001
 Normal523 (48.07)161 (55.33)362 (45.42)
 High197 (18.11)76 (26.12)121 (15.18)
  1. PROM Pre-labor rupture of membrane, IOL Induction of labor
  2. *Fisher’s exact p-value