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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of study participants (N = 1088)

From: Prevalence and risk factors for caesarean delivery following labor induction at a tertiary hospital in North Tanzania: a retrospective cohort study (2000–2015)

CharacteristicTotal (N = 1088)Cesarean delivery n (%)Vaginal delivery n(%)Chi-squared p-value
Maternal age (years)
 < 2085 (7.81)23 (7.90)62 (7.78)0.345
 20–30567 (52.11)164 (56.36)403 (50.56)
 30–35257 (23.62)60 (20.62)197 (24.72)
 > 35179 (16.45)44 (15.12)135 (16.94)
Education status
 None28 (2.57)8 (2.75)20 (2.51)0.909*
 Primary581 (53.40)151 (51.89)430 (53.95)
 Secondary137 (12.59)38 (13.06)99 (12.42)
 Higher339 (31.16)94 (32.30)245 (30.74)
 Missing3 (0.28)0 (0.00)3 (0.38)
Religion
 Catholic379 (34.83)112 (38.49)267 (33.50)0.167*
 Protestant437 (40.17)121 (41.58)316 (39.65)
 Muslim263 (24.17)57 (19.59)206 (25.85)
 Others9 (0.83)1 (0.34)8 (1.00)
Mother’s tribe
 Chagga559 (51.38)165 (56.70)394 (49.44)0.068
 Pare148 (13.60)31 (10.65)117 (14.68)
 Others381 (35.02)95 (32.65)286 (35.88)
Marital status
 Married916 (84.19)243 (83.51)673 (84.44)0.708
 Single172 (15.81)48 (16.49)124 (15.56)
Residence
 Rural503 (46.23)117 (40.21)386 (48.43)0.016
 Urban585 (53.77)174 (59.79)411 (51.57)
  1. *Fisher’s exact p-values