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Table 3 Psycho-social characteristics of the study participants (N = 916), Gondar town, Ethiopia, 2018

From: Antenatal depression and its potential causal mechanisms among pregnant mothers in Gondar town: application of structural equation model

Variable/categoryRisk of depressionTotal n = 916, n (%)P-value
Had depression (n = 63), n (%)No depression (n = 853), n (%)
History of common mental disorder   0.001
 Yes11 (17.5)52 (6.1)63 (6.9) 
 No52 (82.5)801 (93.9)853 (93.1) 
Social support   0.001
 Good36 (57.1)699 (81.9)785 (80.2) 
 Poor27 (42.9)154 (18.1)181 (19.8) 
 Social support scale (Median(±IQR))9(8–12)11(9–13)  
 Internal consistency (α)0.76 (high reliability)  
Partner support   0.001
 Always17 (29.8)403 (48.0)420 (46.9) 
 Most of the time11 (19.3)254 (30.3)265 (29.6) 
 Some of the time20 (35.1)150 (17.9)170 (19.0) 
 Rarely9 (15.8)32 (3.8)41 (4.5) 
Coped with stress   0.042
 Very rarely2 (3.2)5 (0.6)7 (0.8) 
 Rarely31 (49.2)527 (61.8)558 (60.9) 
 Sometimes26 (41.3)277 (32.5)303 (33.1) 
 Most of the time4 (6.3)44 (5.1)48 (5.2) 
 Stress coping scale (Median (IQR)8(7–10)8(7–10)  
 Internal consistency (α)0.5 (moderate reliability)  
Symptom of Depression (EPDS 12–16)
 Yes63 (6.9%; 95%CI: 5.3, 8.7%)  
 No853 (93.1%)  
 Depression scale (Median(±IQR))4(0–5)  
 Internal consistency (α)0.74 (High reliability)  
  1. p-value is based on Chi-square or fisher exact test wherever the expected cell counts are < 5