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Table 2 Summary outcomes in CHW Intervention sites and control sites

From: Increasing utilisation of perinatal services: estimating the impact of community health worker program in Neno, Malawi

FacilityNew ANC% ANC in first trimester% Four or more ANCFacility birthscPNC
Pre-interventionaPost interventionbPre-interventionPost interventionPre-interventionPost interventionPre-interventionPost interventionPre-interventionPost intervention
Chifunga23.7 (5.4)39 (12.6)10.2 (7.9)37.5 (11.9)32.5 (21.2)50.3 (9.4)20 (4.8)23.4 (5.5)11.7 (7.6)15.7 (10.4)
Lisungwi55.7 (14.5)58.7 (13.3)14.4 (7.1)23.1 (9.1)26.5 (9.1)32.7 (6.6)65.3 (14.3)79 (13.2)32.3 (18.7)34.4 (24.7)
CHW intervention79.4 (14.9)97.7 (23.1)13.1 (5.0)28.6 (7.5)28.5 (3.9)39.0 (4.7)85.3 (14.0)102.4 (13.1)44 (21.3)50.1 (28.8)
Ligowe26.8 (11.2)34 (7.9)8.7 (6.1)24.3 (14.2)d29.2 (15.3)31.1 (11.8)0 (0)10 (11.8)
Luwani11.6 (3.8)14.3 (6.0)24.3 (15.4)25.1 (23.4)33.7 (15.1)40.5 (14.8)4.1 (3.4)2.9 (2.8)5.8 (2.9)4.7 (3.0)
Magaleta35.0 (8.6)31 (7.5)4.1 (4.2)9.2 (7.1)42.3 (10.4)55.1 (7.6)27.4 (6.4)26.4 (7.0)17.6 (6.0)17.5 (11.4)
Neno district hospital89.9 (23.2)85.5 (15.2)15.4 (5.7)19.2 (5.8)21.3 (7.6)21.5 (5.1)117 (18.6)125.4 (29.4)28.7 (15.6)45.4 (29.4)
Zalewa33.7 (6.2)37.7 (6.2)13.9 (5.2)19.4 (9.5)44.3 (9.9)46.1 (5.4)2.2 (1.7)7.5 (4.1)
Midzemba
Control sites197 (23.4)202.5 (17.2)12.5 (2.8)18.9 (5.0)30.6 (4.7)34.0 (3.0)148.5 (19.5)154.7 (27.4)54.3 (14.1)85.1 (39.1)
  1. Summary statistics of outcomes in intervention and synthetic units.
  2. NB
  3. Values are mean (SD) unless otherwise stated.
  4. % Percentage.
  5. aPre-intervention: March 2014 to February 2015(12 months).
  6. bPost-intervention period March 2015 to June 2016(16 months).
  7. cTwo facilities had no capacity to provide intrapartum care during the study period.
  8. dAveraged over 15 months as data for one month was missing in the post-intervention period. Midzemba did not report any of the outcomes of interest during the study period.