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Table 8 Significant association (P < 0.15) between factors and breastfeeding duration among CMI, revealed by univariate logistic regression analyses (Results of Phase 1)

From: Breastfeeding practices 2008–2009 among Chinese mothers living in Ireland: a mixed methods study

  Breastfed ≥4 months Unadjusted OR (95% CI)
Mean ± SD  
Socio-demographic factors
 Mother’s age at time of childbirth (years) 28.9 ± 4.72 1.05 (0.99–1.11)
 Length of Irish residency at time of interview (years) 7.4 ± 4.78 0.95 (0.897–1.001)
 Child’s current age (years) 8.1 ± 5.08 0.91 (0.85–0.99)*
n (%)  
Mother‘s birthplace
 Mainland China 98 (41.7) 2.31 (1.04–5.09)*
 Hong Kong 9 (23.7) 1
Education level
 Tertiary 71 (50.0) 2.69 (1.63–4.46)*
 Primary/Secondary 36 (27.1) 1
Current occupation
 Self-employed/ Professional work 30 (48.4) 1.95 (1.04–3.65)*
 Non-professional work 38 (42.2) 1.52 (0.86–2.67)
 Housewife 39 (32.5) 1
Mother has been breastfed
 Yes 100 (43.1) 3.90 (1.67–9.12)*
 No/Don’t know 7 (16.3) 1
Husband’s education level
 Tertiary 56 (50.0) 2.18 (1.32–3.58)*
 Primary/Secondary 51 (31.5) 1
Husband’s occupation
 Self-employed/ Professional work 42 (48.3) 1.74 (1.03–2.92)*
 Non-professional work/ unemployed 64 (35.0) 1
Husband’s nationality
 Chinese 87 (36.2) 1
 Irish 12 (54.5) 2.11 (0.88–5.09)
 Other nationality 7 (63.6) 3.08 (0.88–10.81)
Social support and influence
Feeding information obtained from mother’s own mother
 Yes 74 (46.5) 2.19 (1.32–3.65)*
 No 33 (28.4) 1
Feeding information obtained from antenatal classes
 Yes 37 (50.0) 1.87 (1.09–3.21)*
 No 70 (34.8) 1
Child was looked after by maternal grandmother
 Yes 17 (56.7) 2.52 (1.05–4.85)*
 No 90 (36.7) 1
Child was looked after by paternal grandmother
 Yes 4 (18.2) 0.32 (0.11–0.98)*
 No 103 (40.7) 1
Behavioural factors
Maternal breastfeeding experience
 Had given birth to and breastfed the other child (ren) 33 (44.0) 1
 Had given birth to but not breastfed any other child (ren) 3 (11.1) 0.16 (0.04–0.57)*
 Did not have birth nor breastfeeding experience 71 (41.5) 0.90 (0.52–1.56)
Newborn bed shared with mother
 Yes 37 (54.4) 2.34 (1.34–4.08)*
 No 70 (33.8) 1
1st time to breastfeed
  ≤ 1 h after childbirth 56 (58.9) 3.63 (2.16–6.12)*
  > 1 h or never 51 (28.3) 1
1st time to feed with formula
  ≥ 1 week or never 53 (63.9) 4.52 (2.61–7.80)*
  < 1 week 54 (28.1) 1
Child was fed
 On demand 59 (55.1) 3.07 (1.85–5.10)*
 In routine milk 48 (28.6) 1
Cultural postpartum diet consumption
 Yes 75 (54.3) 3.91 (2.33–6.56)*
 No 32 (23.4) 1
Attitudinal factors
Feeding decision was made
 Before pregnancy 71 (50.0) 13.00 (3.84–44.02)*
 During pregnancy 33 (36.3) 7.40 (2.12–25.81)*
 After the child was born 3 (7.1) 1
Planned breastfeeding duration
  ≥ 4 months 95 (62.9) 15.83 (8.02–31.28)*
  < 4 months/never 12 (9.7) 1
I do not like breastfeeding.
 Disagree 99 (47.1) 6.36 (2.89–13.97)*
 Agree/Don’t know 8 (12.3) 1
Formula feeding is more convenient than breastfeeding.
 Disagree 58 (54.2) 2.88 (1.73–4.77)*
 Agree/Don’t know 49 (29.2) 1
I would feel embarrassed if someone saw me breastfeeding.
 Disagree 58 (48.7) 2.08 (1.27–3.40)*
 Agree/Don’t know 49 (31.4) 1
Mean ± SD  
Awareness of the advantages of breastfeeding (score) 4.2 ± 0.64 2.12 (1.46–3.08)*
  1. *P < 0.05
  2. Biomedical factors were not included in this table as none of the variables had a significant association (P < 0.15) with breastfeeding duration among CMI