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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of pregnant women attending antenatal care in Tigray regional state, Ethiopia, 2019

From: Effect of pregnancy induced hypertension on adverse perinatal outcomes in Tigray regional state, Ethiopia: a prospective cohort study

VariableNormotensiveWomen with PIH
Mean (SD)Mean (SD)
Maternal Age (year) 27.34 (5.4)27.27 (6.4)
N(%)N(%)
ResidenceUrban435 (83.3)178 (68.5)
Rural87 (16.7)82 (31.5)
Mothers educational statusNo formal education36 (6.9)58 (22.3)
Primary114 (21.8)103 (39.6)
Secondary188 (36.0)62 (23.8)
Diploma and above184 (35.2)37 (14.2)
ReligiousOrthodox459 (87.9)214 (82.3)
Catholic17 (3.3)15 (5.8)
Muslim38 (7.3)26 (10.0)
Protestant8 (1.5)5 (1.9)
Mothers occupationUnemployed250 (47.9)201 (77.3)
Employed272 (52.1)59 (22.7)
Wealth indexLowest120 (23.3)138 (53.3)
Middle189 (36.7)69 (26.6)
Highest206 (40.0)52 (20.1)
HospitalsLemlem Carl59 (11.3)29 (11.2)
Mekelle78 (14.9)39 (15)
Wukro50 (9.6)24 (9.2)
Adigrat78 (14.9)39 (15)
Adwa53 (10.2)28 (10.8)
Saint Marry Axum79 (15.1)39 (15)
Suhul Shire70 (13.4)35 (13.5)
Kahsay Abera55 (10.5)27 (10.4)
GravidityPrimigravida166 (31.8%)107 (41.2%)
2–4 gravida299 (57.3%)118 (45.4%)
≥ 5 gravida57 (10.9%)35 (13.5%)
History of anemiaYes52 (10%)71 (27.3%)
No470 (90%)189 (72.7%)
Maternal undernutritionYes119 (22.8%)63 (24.2%)
No403 (77.2%)197 (75.8%)
Type of pregnancySingleton517 (99.0%)245 (94.2%)
Multiple5 (1.0%)15 (5.8%)
Prior history of PIHYes9 (1.7%)28 (12.7%)
No509 (98.3%)192 (87.3%)
Median (IQR)Median (IQR)
Gestational age at enrollment (in weeks) 31 (±3.25)31 (±4)