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Table 3 Factor Loadings for Exploratory Factor Analysis with oblique rotation of the Postpartum Depression Literacy Scale (PoDLiS)

From: The postpartum depression literacy scale (PoDLiS): development and psychometric properties

 ItemA1A2A3A4A5A6A7
1Feeling unusually sad and teary may be a symptom of postpartum depression.61.00.12.14−.06.11−.40
2Sleeping too much or too little may be a sign of postpartum depression.76−.02.15.18−.01.08−.21
3Eating too much or losing interest in food may be a sign of postpartum depression.74−.13.17.11.09.14−.21
4Loss of interest or pleasure in most things may be a symptom of postpartum depression.64.02.18.18−.05.28−.44
5Postpartum depression affects person’s memory and concentration.53.08.11.11−.04.32−.41
6Symptoms and signs of postpartum depression last for a period of at least 2 weeks.59−.06.22.20.05.38−.28
7How likely is it that postpartum depression might be caused by a genetic or inherited problem.38−.23.09.13.09.07−.52
8How likely is it that postpartum depression might be caused by stressful circumstances in the life (such as the death of a loved one or divorce)?.18−.00.19.22.07.26−.81
9How likely is it that postpartum depression might be caused by lock of social support such as intimate partner support?.25.21.13.19.01.20−.81
10How likely is it that postpartum depression might be caused by a previous history of depression?.32−.04.16.06−.07.17−.77
11How likely is it that postpartum depression might be caused by a hormonal imbalance?.47.05.18.19.03.16−.53
12Physical activity is effective for the prevention or management of postpartum depression.12.02.63.09−.03.28−.23
13Seeking help with tasks like infant care and house hold chores from intimate partners and family members is helpful for the prevention or management of postpartum depression.08.02.69.16−.14.18−.21
14Religious practices, prayer and going to holy shrine are helpful for the prevention or management of postpartum depression.08−.02.76.11−.04.17−.09
15Having a balanced diet is helpful for the prevention or management of postpartum depression.15−.12.78.07.07.10−.03
16Good sleep is helpful in prevention or management of postpartum depression.21−.06.79.16.03.11−.11
18Although there are clinics for with postpartum depression, I would not have much faith in them.07.52.06−.01.26.25−.12
22Treatment for postpartum depression, provided by a mental health professional, can be effective.12−.04.19.15−.10.90−.14
23Psychotherapy (for example, talking therapy or counselling) can be effective in treating postpartum depression.14−.00.17.18−.07.90−.20
24Antidepressants are addictive−.03.10−.04−.03.88−.11.01
25Antidepressants cause brain damage.03.26−.06−.10.81−.05−.02
26I would rather live with postpartum depression than go through the ordeal of getting psychiatric treatment−.04.61.05−.12.11.13−.00
30Most women who have postpartum depression are violent−.11.59−.16−.15.06−.27.11
31It is best to avoid women with postpartum depression so that you don’t develop this problem−.04.77−.04−.07.17−.02−.14
32If I had postpartum depression I would not tell anyone.02.59−.01−.09.28.13.08
34I am afraid of what my family and/or friends might think of me for attending psychology and/or psychiatry appointments.17.41−.03−.07.12−.01.03
35I know where to seek information about postpartum depression.16−.14.18.56−.05.18−.16
36I know how to use various sources to seek information about postpartum depression.20.04.13.66.07.15−.16
37I can appraise the accuracy of information about postpartum depression on the radio and television.12−.18.11.76.06.14−.16
38I can appraise the accuracy of information about postpartum depression on the Internet.07−.01.11.78−.08.11−.15
39I can appraise the accuracy of advices about postpartum depression which given me by friends and family members.12−.14.12.68−.21.13−.07
Eigenvalue6.013.652.491.991.841.661.47
Explained Variance (%)15.439.366.395.104.714.263.77
  1. Note. Factor loadings ≥ .40 are in boldface. A = Attribute. A1 = Ability to recognize postpartum depression; A2 = Attitudes which facilitate recognition of postpartum depression and appropriate help seeking; A3: Knowledge and beliefs of self-care activities; A4: Knowledge of how to seek information related to postpartum depression; A5: Beliefs about professional help available; A6: Knowledge about professional help available; A7: Knowledge of risk factors and causes