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Table 4 Comparison of mothers’ postnatal BSE two months after birth

From: Impacts of antenatal nursing interventions on mothers’ breastfeeding self-efficacy: an experimental study

Postnatal BSE itemsControl (n = 54)Experimental (n = 52)P-Value (Two-Sided)
1. Determine that my baby is getting enough milk3.13 (0.97)3.87 (0.79)< 0.0001
2. Successfully cope with breastfeeding as I have with other challenging tasks2.76 (1.23)3.79 (0.83)< 0.0001
3. Breastfeed my baby without using formula as a supplement.2.39 (1.24)3.96 (1.03)< 0.0001
4. Ensure that my baby is properly latched on for the whole feeding.3.04 (0.85)3.77 (0.92)< 0.0001
5. Manage the breastfeeding situation to my satisfaction.2.91 (1.05)3.83 (0.83)< 0.0001
6. Manage to breastfeed even if my baby is crying3.07 (0.95)3.79 (0.94)< 0.0001
7. Keep wanting to breastfeed.3.74 (0.81)4.04 (0.66)0.039
8. Comfortably breastfeed with my family members present.3.19 (0.80)3.92 (0.68)< 0.0001
9. Be satisfied with my breastfeeding experience.3.07 (1.06)4.08 (0.65)< 0.0001
10. Deal with the fact that breastfeeding can be time-consuming.3.52 (0.75)3.87 (0.66)0.013
11. Finish feeding my baby on one breast before switching to the other breast.3.06 (0.88)3.69 (1.04)0.001
12. Continue to breastfeed my baby for every feeding.3.11 (0.97)3.71 (0.89)< 0.0001
13. Manage to keep up with my baby’s breastfeeding demands.3.13 (0.78)3.85 (0.87)< 0.0001
14. Tell when my baby is finished breastfeeding3.30 (0.84)3.83 (0.76)0.001
Total postnatal BSE43.41 (8.12)53.98 (8.50)< 0.0001
  1. Independent t-test was performed for all statistical analyses. The numbers are in mean (standard deviation)