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Table 2 Maternal characteristics of those with pre-pregnancy charts, according to presence of malperfusion lesions

From: Pre-conception blood pressure and evidence of placental malperfusion

 No MalperfusionMalperfusion 
n = 47n = 49p
Reason for pre-pregnancy visit  0.23
 Office/annual32 (68)29 (59) 
 Problem, office visit10 (21)17 (35) 
 Emergency room5 (11)3 (6) 
Age  0.30
  < 203 (6)3 (6) 
 20–2924 (51)24 (49) 
 30 +20 (43)22 (45) 
 Smoking8 (17)6 (12)0.67
Race
 White31 (67)40 (82)0.19
 Black15 (31)9 (18) 
 Other1 (2)0 
 Pre-pregnancy BMI, k/m230.9 (11)27.2 (6)0.06
Hypertension  0.27
 Gestational8 (17)3 (6) 
 Preeclampsia3 (6)7 (14) 
 Preterm birth4 (8)8 (16)0.13
 Gestational diabetes3 (6)6 (12)0.32
 Small for gestational age7 (15)8 (16)0.92
Malperfusion lesions, n (%)a
 Vasculopathy 8 (16) 
 Syncytial knots 8 (16) 
 Infarct 24 (49) 
 Fibrin deposition 14 (29) 
Pre-pregnancy Medication use
 Antibiotics3 (6)6 (12)0.32
 Asthma5 (11)4 (8)0.68
 Antihypertensive3 (6)00.07
 Antidiabetic1 (2)1 (2)0.98
 Anxiety2 (4)1 (2)0.53
 Antidepression6 (13)4 (8)0.46
 Lipid lowering2 (4)3 (6)0.68
  1. aWomen may have more than one malperfusion lesion detected in the placenta