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Table 3 Maternal and child health and obstetric factors of study participants in selected hospitals of Gamo and Gofa Zones, Southern Ethiopia, 2018/9

From: Factors associated with neonatal near-miss in selected hospitals of Gamo and Gofa zones, southern Ethiopia: nested case-control study

VariablesCases (n = 121)Controls (n = 363)COR(95%CI)P-value
Party
 Primipara20 (16.5)167 (46.0)1 
 Multipara101 (83.5)196 (54.0)4.30 (2.55,7.25)< 0.0001
ANC
 Yes54 (44.6)337 (92.8)0.06 (0.04,0.11)< 0.0001
 No67 (55.4)26 (7.2)1 
Number of ANC visit
 No visit67 (55.4)26 (7.2)1 
 1–334 (28.1)124 (34.1)0.11 (0.06,0.19)< 0.0001
  ≥ 420 (16.5)213 (58.7)0.04 (0.02,0.07)< 0.0001
Hemorrhage
 Yes8 (6.6)6 (1.7)4.21 (1.43,12.39)0.009
 No113 (93.4)357 (98.3)1 
Cause of Hemorrhage
 NAa113 (93.4)357 (98.3)0.24 (0.05,1.08)0.06
 Placenta praevia4 (3.3)3 (0.8)1.00 (0.12,8.31)1.00
 Other®4 (3.3)3 (0.8)1 
Premature rupture of membrane
 Yes63 (52.1)41 (11.3)8.53 (5.27,13.82)< 0.0001
 No58 (47.9)322 (88.7)1 
Hypertension during pregnancy
 Yes24 (19.8)25 (6.9)3.35 (1.83,6.12)< 0.0001
 No97 (80.2)338 (93.1)1 
Classification of HTN
 NAa97 (80.2)338 (93.1)0.22 (0.05,0.98)0.05
 Pre-eclampsia eclampsia syndrome20 (16.5)22 (6.1)0.68 (0.14,3.43)0.64
 Chronic hypertension4 (3.3))3 (0.8))1) 
Mode of delivery
 Cesarean57 (47.1)49 (13.5)5.71 (3.58,9.10)< 0.0001
 Non-cesarean±64 (52.9)314 (86.5)1 
Presentation 
 Vertex63 (52.2)325 (89.5)1 
 Non-vertex©58 (47.9)38 (10.5)7.87 (4.82,12.85)< 0.0001
  1. aNot applicable,®postpartum hemorrhage, accreta/increta/percreta, hemorrhage during delivery, uterine rupture and other obstetric hemorrhages, ± spontaneous vaginal delivery, and instrumental (assisted) delivery, and©breech, transverse, face and brow