Skip to main content

Table 2 Percent Distribution of all Births and Stillbirths by maternal and fetal characteristics

From: Prevalence and determinants of stillbirth in Nigerian referral hospitals: a multicentre study

 Number of births (%)
CharacteristicLive birthStillbirthTotal
Maternal age
  ≤ 19136 (3.3)9 (5.2)145 (3.3)
 20–24877 (21.1)33 (19.1)910 (21.0)
 25–291337 (32.2)42 (24.3)1379 (31.9)
 30–341143 (27.5)47 (27.2)1190 (27.5)
 35–49662 (15.9)42 (24.3)704 (16.3)
Mean (Standard deviation) 28.6 (5.5)
Employment Status
 Employed495 (15.5)18 (12.3)513 (15.4)
 Self employed1586 (49.8)69 (47.3)1655 (49.7)
 Unemployed961 (30.2)55 (37.7)1016 (30.5)
 Student143 (4.5)4 (2.7)147 (4.4)
Place of residence
 Urban2906 (82.7)132 (82.5)3038 (82.8)
 Rural605 (17.2)28 (17.5)633 (17.2)
Marital Status
 Single mothers79 (2.3)4 (2.5)83 (2.3)
 Married3416 (97.7)158 (97.5)3574 (97.7)
Booked for Antenatal
 Not Booked1466 (38.7)101 (64.3)1567 (39.7)
 Booked2320 (61.3)56 (35.7)2376 (60.3)
Referral
 Not referred3559 (91.9)119 (75.8)3678 (91.3)
 Referred312 (8.1)38 (24.2)350 (8.7)
Parity
 01271 (30.8)38 (21.9)1309 (30.5)
 1995 (24.1)31 (17.9)1026 (23.9)
 2–41540 (37.4)72 (41.6)1612 (37.5)
 5–13316 (7.7)32 (18.5)348 (8.1)
No of past stillbirths
 03311 (95.8)112 (73.7)3423 (94.8)
 1+146 (4.2)40 (26.3)186 (5.2)
Complications in any past pregnancy
 Yes237 (7.1)20 (14.6)257 (7.4)
 No3085 (92.9)117 (85.4)3202 (92.6)
Birth weight
  < 1.50 kg30 (0.7)17 (10.9)47 (1.1)
 1.50–2.49 kg329 (8.1)42 (26.9)371 (8.8)
 2.50–3.99 kg3539 (87.1)85 (54.5)3634 (85.9)
  ≥ 4.00 kg165 (4.1)12 (7.7)177 (4.2)
Gestation age at delivery
  < 37 weeks433 (16.6)54 (44.3)487 (17.8)
  ≥ 37 weeks2179 (83.4)68 (55.7)2247 (82.2)
Mode of Delivery
 Normal Vaginal3288 (87.2)119 (78.8)3407 (86.8)
 Caesarean section429 (11.4)23 (15.2)452 (11.5)
 Others56 (1.5)9 (5.9)65 (1.7)