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Table 1 Overview of included studies

From: Men’s grief following pregnancy loss and neonatal loss: a systematic review and emerging theoretical model

  Quantitative (n = 19) Qualitative (n = 26) Mixed Methods (n = 1) Total (n = 46)
Year of publication
 1998–2002 7 5 12
 2003–2007 5 6 11
 2008–2012 2 7 9
 2013–2018 5 8 1 14
Region of study
 Australia 5 5 10
 United Kingdom 3 3 6
 United States and Canada 8 13 1 22
 Europe 3 4 7
 The Middle East 1 1
Informant group
 Men 3 13 16
 Men and women 15 12 1 28
 Men and service providers 1 1
 Men, women and service providers 1 1
Total study sample sizea
 10 or under 1 9 10
 11–50 3 16 19
 51–100 3 1 4
 101–200 6 1 7
 201–300 2 2
 301–500 2 2
 500+ 2 2
Number of male participants
 10 or under 1 18 19
 11–50 6 7 1 14
 51–100 4 4
 101–200 4 1 5
 201–300
 301–500 3 3
 Unspecified 1 1
 Loss type     
 Miscarriage 9 8 17
 Recurrent miscarriage (3+) 1 1 2
 Stillbirth 1 8 1 10
 Neonatal death
 Medical termination for nonviable anomaly 1 1 2
 Combination (pregnancy and neonatal losses) 7 8 15
Primary outcome focus
 Grief 16 5 1 22
 Other 3 21 24
  1. aNumbers only report the number of participants who experienced a pregnancy loss or neonatal loss