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Table 4 For the prioritisation workshop: final ranking for the 29 research questions (two questions were merged due to overlap) and ranking overall ranking from the public vote

From: Top research priorities for preterm birth: results of a prioritisation partnership between people affected by preterm birth and healthcare professionals

Ranking following the prioritisation workshopRanking from public vote
1Which treatments (including diagnostic tests) are most effective to predict or prevent preterm birth?1
2How can infection in preterm infants be better prevented?8
3Which interventions are most effective to prevent necrotising enterocolitis in preterm infants?9
4What is the best treatment for life-threatening lung damage in preterm infants?20
5What should be included in packages of care to support parents and families / carers when a premature baby is discharged from hospital?6
6What is the optimum milk feeding strategy and guidance (including quantity and speed of feeding and use of donor and formula milk) for the best long-term outcomes of premature babies?2
7What is the best way to judge whether a baby is feeling pain (for example, by their face, behaviours or brain activities)?14
8Which treatments are most effective to prevent early onset pre-eclampsia?5
9aWhat emotional and practical support improves attachment and bonding, and does the provision of such support improve outcomes for premature babies and their families?25 / 28a
10Which treatments are most effective for premature rupture of membranes?16
11What is the best time to clamp the umbilical cord for preterm babies?19
12What type of support is most effective at improving breastfeeding in NICU/SCBU/feeding clinics?12
13Which treatments are most effective to treat necrotising entercolitis in preterm infants?22
14Does specialist antenatal care for women at risk of preterm birth improve outcomes for mother and baby?11
15What are the best ways to optimise the environment (such as light and noise) in order to improve outcomes for premature babies?26
16Is screening in the first trimester effective to help prevent preterm birth?7
17Which treatments are effective in preventing spontaneous preterm birth in women with twin and triplet pregnancies, especially in those at high risk of preterm birth?10
18How do stress, trauma and physical workload contribute to the risk of preterm birth, are there effective ways to reduce those risks and does modifying those risks alter outcome?3
19Is routine transvaginal scanning during pregnancy to detect short cervical length, and treatment, cost effective?18
20What guidance and information is most useful for parents at risk of having preterm infants?21
21Does screening and treatment for Group B Streptococcus help to prevent preterm birth and neonatal morbidity and mortality?15
22What is the impact of length of orogastric / nasogastric feeding and reflux on early feeding development in preterm infants?24
23What methods are most effective to predict risk of preterm birth in order to allocate service provision?17
24Can screening of the placenta be effective to detect placenta abnormalities associated with preterm birth?13
25What is the best way to encourage Kangaroo Mother Care more by staff in NICU for parents?23
26What treatments can predict reliably the likelihood of subsequent infants being preterm?4
27Do parents of preterm infants benefit from an open approach to notes and ward rounds?27
28Do preterm babies have better outcomes if their parents have roomed in?29
29Which lifestyle changes including gym, bed rest, posture and sexual intercourse are effective to minimise the risk of preterm birth?30
  1. atwo original questions merged