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Table 2 Alcohol use among screened pregnant women by clinic, Lusaka, Zambia, July 2017 (n = 188)

From: Alcohol use, pregnancy and associated risk factors: a pilot cross-sectional study of pregnant women attending prenatal care in an urban city

 Clinics 
Kalingalinga (n = 79)Mtendere (n = 109)
n (%)n (%)p-value
Alcohol use in the periconceptional perioda  0.003
Did not consume any alcohol52 (27.7)22 (31.9) 
Consumed alcohol (≤4 drinks at one time)2 (1.1)21 (11.2) 
Any binge drinkinga10 (12.7)6 (3.2) 
Frequency of drinking  0.557
 Everyday0 (0.0)4 (2.1) 
 3–4 days a week1 (0.5)2 (1.1) 
 1–2 days a week3 (1.6)6 (3.2) 
 2–3 days a week0 (0.0)0 (0.0) 
 Once a month4 (2.1)8 (4.3) 
 Less than once a month1 (0.5)4 (2.1) 
 Never (don’t drink)57 (30.3)67 (35.6) 
Alcohol use in the past 30 days
 Consumed no alcoholic drinks in at least one day50 (26.6)57 (30.3)0.322
 Any binge drinking at least one day/weekly average17 (9.0)30 (16.0) 
T-ACE alcohol-screening questionnaire  0.613
 Scored < 2 or more points52 (27.7)64 (34.0) 
 Scored > 2 or more points (risk drinking during pregnancy) b15 (8.0)25 (13.3) 
  1. a ≥4 drinks at one time during the time the woman was pregnant but did not know she was pregnant;
  2. bBased on the T-ACE standard cut-off point-- responding “2 or more drinks” on the T-ACE question # 1