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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of pregnant women participating in this study (n = 256)

From: Gestational weight gain and gestational diabetes among Emirati and Arab women in the United Arab Emirates: results from the MISC cohort

 Totala
Mother’s Age (years)30.5 ± 6.0
 18–24.957 (22.3)
 25–29.962 (24.2)
  ≥ 30137 (53.5)
Nationality
 Emirati105 (41.0)
 Arabb151 (59.0)
Education
 Intermediate or less35 (13.7)
 High School/ Technical Diploma140 (54.7)
 University81 (31.6)
Employment Status
 Employee45 (17.6)
 Housewife211 (82.4)
Family Monthly Income (AED)
  < 500018 (9.3)
 5000-10,00072 (37.3)
  > 10,000103 (53.4)
Parity
 Primiparous60 (23.4)
 Multiparous196 (76.6)
Physical Activity (METs)
 Low-Intensity Activity166 (64.8)
 Moderate / High-Intensity Activity90 (35.2)
Daily Breakfast Consumption
 No77 (30.1)
 Yes179 (69.9)
Pre-pregnancy BMI (kg/m2)c27.3 ± 6.2
 BMI < 25104 (40.6)
 BMI ≥ 25152 (59.4)
Gestational weight gain (GWG)d
 Insufficient81 (31.6)
 Adequate74 (28.9)
 Excessive101 (39.5)
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM)
 No207 (80.9)
 Yes49 (19.1)
  1. aValues in the table are presented as n(%) for categorical variables and mean (SD) for continuous variables
  2. bit includes mothers of different Arab Nationalities such as: Syrian, Jordanian, Sudanese, Palestinian, Lebanese, and Algerians etc. …
  3. cAccording to WHO classification 2007; d According to IOM classification 2009