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Table 8 Final questionnaire quality of life on GDM (GDMQ-36)

From: Quality of life questionnaire for women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDMQ-36): development and psychometric properties

After Gestational Diabetes Mellitusstrongly disagreedisagreehave no ideaagreestrongly agree
1I’m concerned about premature birth of my baby     
2I’m concerned about the loss of fetal movement     
3I’m concerned about the fetal death     
4I’m concerned about fetal abnormalities     
5I’m concerned about my baby’s blood sugar drop after birth     
6I have to visit doctors with different specialties     
7I’m concerned about poor weight gain     
8I’m concerned that diabetes would be transmitted to my baby     
9I have to visit the doctor frequently     
10I’m concerned about fetal and baby weight gain     
11I’m concerned about delayed wound healing     
12My diet is repetitious and not diversified     
13I faced constraints on my favorite foods and fruits     
14My food is separated from the family meal     
15The family basket has changed due to my diet     
16To measure fasting blood sugar, I should fast for a long time and endure hunger     
17My sexual activity has decreased due to GDM     
18I use fruits and food with low and determined amounts     
19I go less often to the party and restaurants due to GDM     
20I have feelings of thirst and dry mouth     
21I repeatedly go to the bathroom     
22I have blood sugar drop     
23I get angry soon     
24I feel depressed     
25My mind is obsessed with the disease     
26Insulin injection is difficult for me at specific times of the day     
27Insulin injections for several times is difficult and time consuming for me     
28Frequent blood glucose test is difficult for me     
29I’m concerned about drug side effects on my fetus     
30I adjust insulin dose based on my blood glucose     
31People’s empathy helps me to tolerate the disease     
32My spouse mental and emotional support helps me tolerate the disease easier     
33The information from healthcare workers about the disease has helped me     
34The positive experience of the people around me about the disease has helped me     
35The information I receive about the disease from the media and the Internet has helped me     
36Prayer with God has helped me tolerate the disease