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Table 1 Characteristics of Study Population (n = 30)

From: Access to midwifery care for people of low socio-economic status: a qualitative descriptive study

Characteristic
 Midwife care provider (n = 13)
n (%)
Physician care provider (n = 17)
n (%)
Total (n = 30)
n (%)
Age in years
  < 202 (15.4)2 (11.8)4 (13.3)
 20–305 (38.5)8 (47.0)13 (43.3)
 30>6 (46.1)7 (41.2)13 (43.3)
Annual Household Income
 Unknown0 (0)1 (5.9)1 (3.3)
  < $19,9995 (38.5)10 (58.8)15 (50.0)
 $20,000–$29,990 (0)3 (17.6)3 (10.0)
 $30,000–$39,9994 (30.8)1 (5.9)5 (16.7)
 $40,000–$49,9991 (7.7)2 (11.8)3 (10.0)
  ≥ $50,0003 (23.1)0 (0)3 (10.0)
Country of Birth
 Canada10 (76.9)12 (70.6)22 (73.3)
 Other3 (23.1)5 (29.4)8 (27.7)
Residency Status of non-Canadian-born
 Canadian Citizen2 (15.4)2 (11.8)4 (13.3)
 Work Permit0 (0)1 (5.9)1 (3.3)
 Student Visa0 (0)1 (5.9)1 (3.3)
 Refugee Claimant0 (0)1 (5.9)1 (3.3)
 Permanent Resident1 (7.7)0 (0)1 (3.3)
Language Spoken at Home
 English11 (84.6)12 (70.6)23 (76.7)
 Other2 (15.4)5 (29.4)7 (23.3)
Highest Level of Education
 No high school1 (7.7)0 (0)1 (3.3)
 Some high school or high school diploma7 (53.8)3 (17.6)10 (33.3)
 Some college or college degree2 (15.5)7 (41.2)9 (30.0)
 Some university or university degree3 (23.1)4 (23.5)7 (23.3)
 Some graduate school or graduate degree0 (0)3 (17.6)3 (10.0)
Parity
 Nulliparous5 (38.5)12 (70.6)17 (56.7)
 Multiparous8 (61.5)5 (29.4)13 (43.3)
Employment
 Employed4 (30.8)2 (11.8)6 (20.0)
 Unemployed9 (69.2)15 (88.2)24 (80.0)
Parental Leave3 (23.7)5 (29.4)8 (26.7)
Home Ownership
 Rent7 (53.8)15 (88.2)22 (73.3)
 Own4 (30.8)2 (11.8)6 (20.0)
 Other2 (15.4)0 (0)2 (6.7)
Living Situation
 People living with partner8 (61.5)10 (58.8)18 (60.0)
 People not living with partner5 (38.5)7 (41.2)12 (40.0)
 People living in extended family situationsa3 (23.1)4 (23.5)7 (23.3)
Food Insecure within previous 12 months
 Yes4 (30.8)4 (23.5)8 (26.7)
 No9 (69.2)13 (76.5)22 (73.3)
Receives Income Support from Government
 Yes5 (38.5)6 (35.3)11 (36.7)
 No8 (61.5)11 (64.7)19 (63.3)
  1. aa single household that may include family, friends, and partner
  2. Note: Totals may not add up to 100% due to rounding