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Table 3 Univariable and multivariable logistic regression analysis of the factors associated with specific HSV-2 IgM seropositivity among 499 pregnant women attending ANC’s in Mwanza rural Tanzania

From: Treponema pallidum infection predicts sexually transmitted viral infections (hepatitis B virus, herpes simplex virus-2, and human immunodeficiency virus) among pregnant women from rural areas of Mwanza region, Tanzania

Characteristics HSV IgM
Seropositivity %
Univariable
OR (95%CI)
P value Multivariable
OR (95%CI)
P value
Age 25[IQR:22–28] 0.98[0.92–1.05] 0.595 0.99[0.93–1.06] 0.884
Parity 1[IQR:0–3] 0.93[0.75–1.16] 0.515   
Gestation age 25.5[IQR:20–30] 0.10[0.94–1.05] 0.906   
Number of sexual partner 3[IQR:1–5] 0.10[0.89–1.11] 0.993   
Age at first sex 17[IQR:15–18] 0.94[0.72–1.12] 0.509   
*Occupation
 Employed (143) 5(3.50%) ref    
 Peasant (277) 13(4.69%) 1.35[0.47–3.90] 0.567 1.41[0.48–4.14] 0.525
 House wife (79) 6(7.59%) 2.27[0.67–7.69] 0.188 2.29[0.66–7.10] 0.192
Education
 Secondary (91) 2(2.2%) ref    
 Primary (319) 15(4.7%) 2.20[0.49–9.78] 0.302  
 Never attended (89) 7(7.87%) 3.80[0.77–18.81] 0.102  
*Marital status
 Married (464) 21(4.53%) ref    
 Not married (35) 3(8.5%) 1.98[0.56–6.98] 0.289 2.12[0.57–7.83] 0.260
History of genital ulcer
 No (452) 23(5.1) ref    
 Yes (47) 1(2.1) 0.41[0.1–3.07] 0.312   
Genital ulcers
 Absent (471) 24(5.1) ref    
 Present (28) 0 (0.0) omitted omitted   
*History of STIs
 No (261) 6(2.30) ref    
 Yes (238) 18(7.56%) 3.47[1.36–8.91] 0.009 3.7[1.43–9.62] 0.007
HIV status
Negative (474) 23(4.8) ref    
Positive (25) 1 (4.0) 0.817[0.10–6.30] 0.846   
Syphilis status
 Negative (479) 23(4.8%) ref    
 Positive (20) 1(5.0%) 1.04(0.13–8.13) 0.968   
  1. *Occupation, marital status and history of STIs were subjected on multivariable analysis adjusted by age