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Table 4 Prevalence of major external birth defects of interest

From: A hospital-based birth defects surveillance system in Kampala, Uganda

Birth defects category Number Identified Prevalence per 10,000 births (95%CI)a
Isolated Multiplec Total
Neural tube defects 32 40 72 10.3 (8.2–13.0)
Microcephaly 5 6 11 1.6 (0.9–2.8)
Microphthalmia and Anophthalmia 0 16 16 2.3 (1.4–3.7)
Microtia and Anotia 3 8 11 1.6 (0.9–2.8)
Cleft palate alone 2 12 14 2.0 (1.2–3.4)
Cleft lip with or without cleft palate 24 15 39 5.6 (4.1–7.6)
Imperforate anus 0 14 14 2.0 (1.2–3.4)
Hypospadiasb 64 21 85 23.4 (18.9–28.9)
Talipes equinovarus 56 42 98 14.0 (11.5–17.1)
Limb reduction defects 9 39 48 6.9 (5.2–9.1)
Omphalocele 21 16 37 5.3 (3.8–7.3)
Gastroschisis 14 3 17 2.4 (1.5–3.9)
Total 230 232 462 66.2 (60.5–72.5)
  1. aNumber of newborns (n = 69,766)
  2. bRepresents male hypospadias, the denominator was male births, n = 36,352
  3. cThese were part of multiple defects in a newborn, sequences and known syndromes do not contribute to this number