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Table 2 Predictors of making early ANC visits among women aged 15–49 years in Mozambique (n = 7080)

From: Determinants of prenatal care use and HIV testing during pregnancy: a population-based, cross-sectional study of 7080 women of reproductive age in Mozambique

 OverallUrbanRural
Age (15–19)111
20–240.711* [0.547,0.924]0.970 [0.572,1.645]0.634**[0.467,0.862]
25–290.976 [0.755,1.261]1.112 [0.662,1.867]0.955 [0.707,1.291]
30–341.005 [0.769,1.313]1.356 [0.801,2.293]0.878 [0.638,1.207]
35–391.071 [0.796,1.441]1.370 [0.782,2.397]0.961 [0.669,1.379]
40–441.081 [0.766,1.526]1.644 [0.852,3.170]0.879 [0.581,1.330]
45–491.037 [0.658,1.634]1.060 [0.424,2.646]0.994 [0.583,1.696]
Residency (Urban)1NANA
Rural1.300* [1.062,1.592]  
Education (No Education)111
Primary1.181 [0.993,1.405]0.929 [0.683,1.265]1.332** [1.077,1.648]
Secondary1.256* [1.054,1.497]1.296* [1.007,1.666]1.158[0.900,1.491]
Higher1.873** [1.256,2.793]1.663* [1.052,2.628]2.233 N [0.858,5.808]
Husband’s education (No Education)111
Incomplete Primary1.214[0.940,1.569]1.291[0.869,1.917]1.193[0.847,1.680]
Incomplete Secondary1.070[0.907,1.261]1.114[0.874,1.419]1.044[0.829,1.316]
Higher1.210[0.924,1.583]1.438*[1.002,2.064]0.977[0.638,1.498]
Employment (Not Working)111
Professional/Technical/Managerial1.036[0.884,1.214]1.115[0.903,1.378]0.930[0.725,1.194]
Agricultural - Self Employed1.325***[1.141,1.538]1.513*[1.019,2.247]1.232*[1.039,1.461]
Wealth quintile (Poorest)111
Poorer1.052[0.891,1.243]0.710[0.377,1.337]1.096[0.921,1.306]
Middle1.014[0.848,1.213]0.914[0.550,1.518]1.032[0.848,1.256]
Richer1.048[0.829,1.325]0.887[0.556,1.415]0.932[0.652,1.332]
Richest1.493**[1.143,1.951]1.141[0.710,1.835]4.776*[1.250,18.24]
Media access (No)111
Yes0.920[0.765,1.107]1.157[0.692,1.934]0.880[0.719,1.077]
Religion (Islam)111
Other1.166[0.719,1.888]1.486[0.771,2.865]0.757[0.357,1.603]
Ethnicity (Emakhuwa)111
Portugais0.661***[0.542,0.807]0.857[0.614,1.195]0.562***[0.436,0.724]
Xichangana1.183[0.927,1.509]1.126[0.796,1.594]1.259[0.886,1.790]
Cisena1.114[0.955,1.298]1.057[0.787,1.420]1.087[0.903,1.308]
Elomwe1.105[0.874,1.397]1.266[0.787,2.035]1.002[0.762,1.319]
Cindau1.168[0.951,1.435]1.205[0.909,1.597]1.185[0.861,1.632]
Xitswa0.965[0.814,1.145]1.051[0.704,1.567]0.951[0.785,1.151]
Other0.944[0.726,1.228]1.073[0.527,2.185]0.906[0.679,1.208]
Parity (1–5)111
> 50.827*[0.691,0.989]0.733[0.526,1.020]0.901[0.723,1.123]
Household head’s sex (Male)111
Female0.984[0.835,1.160]1.090[0.876,1.357]0.867[0.669,1.122]
Child wanted (Wanted Then)111
Wanted No More0.705***[0.591,0.841]0.847[0.641,1.120]0.615***[0.488,0.775]
Pseudo R20.0220.0290.026
  1. Exponentiated coefficients; 95% confidence intervals in brackets.
  2. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001