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Table 3 Maternal experience with caesarean section

From: Maternal perceptions about caesarean section deliveries and their role in reducing perinatal and neonatal mortality in the Upper West Region of Ghana; a cross-sectional study

Maternal Characteristics Upper West Regional Hospital St Joseph’s Hospital Total P-values
  N (%) N (%) N (%)  
History of Previous caesarean section     0.001
 Had a previous caesarean section 30 (15.7) 66 (38.4) 96 (26.5)  
 No previous caesarean section 161 (84.3) 106 (61.6) 267 (73.6)  
Indication for previous caesarean section (multiple response analysis)   0.001
 Big baby 24 (41.4) 13 (43.3) 37 (42.1)  
 Previous Caesarean section 23 (39.7) 23 (26.1)  
 Baby not lying well 7 (12.1) 15 (50.0) 22 (25.0)  
 Bleeding (Antepartum Haemorrhage) 4 (6.0) 4 (4.6)  
 Repeated Miscarriages 10 (17.2) 10 (11.4)  
 Complicated Hypertension in pregnancy 1 (1.7) 2 (6.7) 3 (3.4)  
 Maternal request 1 (3.3) 1 (1.1)  
 Not told the reason for Caesarean section 2 (6.7) 2 (2.3)  
 Others 6 (10.3) 5 (16.7) 11 (12.5)  
Overall description of Caesarean section experience (multiple response analysis) 0.207
 Good 8 (13.6) 4 (14.8) 12 (14.0)  
 Painful 39 (66.1) 18 (66.7) 57 (66.3)  
 Long stay in Hospital 22 (37.3) 3 (11.1) 25 (29.1)  
 Bad attitude of Staff 6 (10.2) 1 (3.7) 7 (8.1)  
 Others 3 (5.1) 3 (11.1) 6 (7.0)  
Information wished to have known before the Caesarea section (multiple response analysis) 0.001
 Reason for having the caesarean section 3 (5.0) 17 (58.6) 20 (22.5)  
 Complications of the surgery 8 (13.3) 17 (58.6) 25 (28.1)  
 Duration of stay in hospital 13 (21.7) 7 (24.1) 20 (22.5)  
 Cost of the caesarean section 6 (10.0) 4 (13.8) 10 (11.2)  
 Effects of medications on baby 3 (5.0) 2 (6.9) 5 (5.6)  
 Other questions on caesarean section 36 (60.0) 2 (6.9) 38 (42.7)  
What would have made your caesarean section (CS) experience better (Multiple response analysis) 0.267
 Education on CS at antenatal clinic 37 (75.5) 20 (71.4) 57 (74.0)  
 Better staff attitude 9 (18.4) 5 (17.9) 14 (18.2)  
 Shorter stay at hospital 4 (8.2) 1 (3.6) 5 (6.5)  
 Been told earlier about having CS 8 (16.3) 12 (42.9) 20 (26.0)  
Experienced complication of Caesarean section (Multiple response analysis) 0.059
 Bleeding 11 (18.3) 1 (3.3) 12 (13.3)  
 Infection of wound 4 (6.7) 2 (6.7) 6 (6.7)  
 Sick baby 6 (10) 6 (6.7)  
 Reaction to anaesthesia medications 1 (3.3) 1 (1.1)  
 No complications 34 (56.7) 26 (86.7) 60 (66.7)  
 Other complications 8 (13.3) 3 (10.0) 11 (12.2)  
Form of Anaesthesia used for surgery     0.052
 Spinal 54 (91.5) 23 (76.7) 77 (86.5)  
 General 5 (8.5) 7 (23.3) 12 (13.5)  
Procedure explained before caesarean section    0.001
 Procedure explained 55 (98.2) 21 (72.4) 76 (89.4)  
 Procedure not explained 1 (1.8) 8 (27.6) 9 (10.6)