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Table 3 Associations between prenatal negative life events (NLEs) and birth anthropometrics stratified by sex: Linear regressiona

From: Prenatal maternal stress and birth outcomes in rural Ghana: sex-specific associations

NLEs Girlsb Boysc p-interaction
β (SE) p-value β (SE) p-value
Outcome: Birth weight (kg)
 0-2 Reference   Reference   
 3-5 −0.16 (0.07) 0.02 0.02 (0.08) 0.81 0.009
  > 5 −0.18 (0.08) 0.04 0.12 (0.10) 0.21  
Outcome: Head Circumference (cm)
 0-2 Reference   Reference   
 3-5 −0.66 (0.34) 0.05 0.65 (0.39) 0.10 0.006
  > 5 −1.02 (0.40) 0.01 0.66 (0.48) 0.17  
Outcome: Birth Length (cm)
 0-2 Reference   Reference   
 3-5 −0.26 (0.53) 0.62 −0.57 (0.60) 0.35 0.84
  > 5 −1.28 (0.62) 0.04 −0.98 (0.74) 0.18  
  1. a Multivariable models adjusted for gestational age at delivery, cluster, ethnicity, maternal marriage status, age, weight and height; and family home ownership
  2. b Girls: 0-2 (n = 56), 3-5 (n = 87), > 5 (n = 45)
  3. c Boys: 0-2 (n = 41), 3-5 (n = 90), > 5 (n = 34)