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Table 2 Prevalence different forms of D&A

From: Disrespect and abuse during facility-based childbirth in southern Mozambique: a cross-sectional study

Site District Hospital Central Hospital
  n % n %
Services without permission
 Caesarean section 1 0.46 1 0.3
 Episiotomy 1 0.46 0 0.0
 Stitching 14 6.42 0 0.0
 Blood transfusion 0 0.00 0 0.0
 Sterilization 0 0.00 0 0.0
 Injection 82 37.61 0 0.0
 Shaving 0 0.00 0 0.0
 Others 1 0.46 1 0.3
 No 123 56.42 300 99.3
Lack of confidentiality
 Disease (HIV) 1 0.46 0 0.0
 Age 3 1.38 0 0.0
 Medical history 0 0.00 0 0.0
 Absence or position of the father 0 0.00 0 0.0
 During labour and delivery 89 40.83 1 0.3
 Others 1 0.46 1 0.3
 No 124 56.88 300 99.3
Disrespectful treatment
 Threatened with C-section 5 2.29 7 2.3
 Scolded, shouted at 57 26.15 30 9.9
 Slanderous remarks 6 2.75 2 0.7
 Blamed or intimidated 3 1.38 1 0.3
 Others 1 0.46 7 0.3
 No 156 71.56 262 86.8
Physical Violence
 Beaten, slapped or pinched 0 0.00 0 0.0
 Tied down or restrained 0 0.00 0 0.0
 Episiotomy sutured without anesthesia 14 6.42 2 0.7
 Sexually abused by health worker 0 0.00 0 0.0
 Others 0 0.00 2 0.7
 No 204 93.58 298 98.7
Discrimination
 Ethnicity 0 0.00 0 0.0
 Young and unexperienced 3 1.38 0 0.0
 Single motherhood status 0 0.00 0 0.0
 HIV sero-positive status 1 0.46 0 0.0
 Low socio-economic status 0 0.00 2 0.7
 Others 0 0.00 2 0.7
 No 214 98.17 298 98.7
Detention in facility
 Unpaid bills mother 0 0.00 1 0.3
 Unpaid bills baby 0 0.00 0 0.0
 Others 0 0.00 2 0.7
 No 218 100.00 299 99.0
Abandoned
 Left alone unattended too often 76 34.86 22 7.3
 Denied birth companion 17 7.80 1 0.3
 Birth attendant didn’t intervene in urgent situations 0 0.00 1 0.3
 Neglected because staff was exhausted 31 14.22 5 1.7
 Others 5 2.29 11 3.6
 No 116 53.21 264 87.4