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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics

From: Disrespect and abuse during facility-based childbirth in southern Mozambique: a cross-sectional study

Site District Hospitals (N = 218) Central Hospital (N = 302) p-value
(x2 test, df)
Educational level woman** n % n % p = 4e-27
(x2 = 126, d.f. = 3)
 No education 40 18.35 3 0.01
 Primary school (at least 1 year) 173 79.36 181 59.93
 Secondary school 3 1.38 32 10.60
 Higher education 2 0.92 86 28.48
Marital Status n % n % p = 0.38
(x2 = 0.77, d.f. = 2)
 Single 48 22.02 61 20.20
 In relationship 167 76.61 241 79.80
 Divorced 3 1.38 0 0
Educational level partner** n % n % p = 2.8e-29
(x2 = 140, d.f. = 4)
 No education 7 3.21 1 0
 Primary school (at least 1 year) 135 61.93 132 16.23
 Secondary school 3 1.38 28 9.60
 Higher education 11 5.05 126 41.39
 Don’t know 62 28.44 15 4.97
Religion** n % n % p = 4.5e-15
(x2 = 80, d.f. = 6)
 Catholic 25 11.47 74 24.50
 Islam 6 2.75 31 10.26
 Zione 58 26.61 17 5.63
 Protestant 91 41.74 131 43.38
 Independent Christian church 33 15.14 27 8.94
 No religion 3 1.38 0 0
 Others 2 0.92 22 7.29
Age** n % n % p = 0.00045
(x2 = 18, d.f. = 3)
 18-21 66 30.28 46 15.23
 > 21-25 48 22.02 71 23.51
 > 25-35 80 36.70 148 49.01
 > 35 24 11.01 37 12.25
Type of delivery** n % n % p = 7e-10
(x2 = 42, d.f. = 2)
 Normal 194 88.99 195 64.57
 With complications 16 7.34 49 19.21
 Caesarean section 8 3.67 58 16.23
  1. Levels of significance with the chi-square test:. = p < 0.1; * = p < 0.05; ** = p < 0.01