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Table 2 Univariate analysis of factors associated with times of ANC use among migrant women during the first delivery in china, 2014

From: Antenatal care use and its determinants among migrant women during the first delivery: a nation-wide cross-sectional study in China

Characteristics Times of ANC visits(x ± S) Times of ANC visits P-value χ2
< 5 ≥5
Ethnic groups 0.975 0.001
 Minority 7.69 ± 3.59 9 (18.37) 40 (81.63)   
 Hans 7.44 ± 3.56 270 (18.54) 1186 (81.46)   
Age at first delivery (years) <0.001 12.304
  ≤ 24 6.86 ± 3.26 152 (22.42) 526 (77.58)   
  > 24 7.94 ± 3.71 127 (15.36) 700 (84.64)   
Education < 0.001 27.544
 Primary school and below 6.04 ± 3.26 18 (36.00) 32 (64.00)   
 Junior school 6.93 ± 3.31 166 (21.76) 597 (78.24)   
 High school 7.59 ± 3.33 62 (15.31) 343 (84.69)   
 College and above 8.87 ± 4.08 33 (11.50) 254 (88.50)   
Hukoua 0.043 4.087
 Rural 7.21 ± 3.43 245 (19.43) 1016 (80.57)   
 Urban 8.72 ± 3.90 34 (13.93) 210 (86.07)   
Household monthly income b < 0.001 18.276
 Q1 6.79 ± 3.25 76 (25.00) 228 (75.00)   
 Q2 7.13 ± 3.49 92 (18.85) 396 (81.15)   
 Q3 7.24 ± 3.42 67 (19.09) 284 (80.91)   
 Q4 8.65 ± 3.75 44 (12.15) 318 (87.85)   
Kinds of insurances     0.049 6.031
 0 7.17 ± 3.27 33 (20.37) 129 (79.63)   
 1 7.05 ± 3.32 150 (20.63) 577 (79.37)   
  ≥ 2 7.99 ± 3.82 96 (15.58) 520 (84.42)   
Maternity insurance c < 0.001 17.394
 No 7.15 ± 3.49 230 (21.12) 859 (78.88)   
 Yes 8.25 ± 3.60 49 (11.78) 367 (88.22)   
Maternal health education d 0.071 3.251
 No 7.21 ± 3.80 112 (20.97) 422 (79.03)   
 Yes 7.58 ± 3.41 167 (17.20) 804 (82.80)   
Maternal health records e 0.000 30.812
 No 5.80 ± 4.59 46 (37.10) 78 (62.90)   
 Yes 7.60 ± 3.41 233 (16.87) 1148 (83.13)   
Migration range 0.001 15.070
 Across province 7.48 ± 4.07 168 (22.11) 592 (77.89)   
 Across prefectural city 7.40 ± 2.94 104 (15.62) 562 (84.38)   
 Across county 7.58 ± 2.97 7 (8.86) 72 (91.14)   
Migration reasons 0.564 1.145
 Working or doing business 7.53 ± 3.66 224 (19.05) 952 (80.95)   
 Accompanying 7.10 ± 3.06 52 (16.99) 254 (83.01)   
 Others 8.13 ± 4.15 3 (13.04) 20 (86.96)   
Migration experience before pregnancy 0.015 5.963
 No 7.25 ± 3.73 111 (21.98) 394 (78.02)   
 Yes 7.55 ± 3.46 168 (16.80) 832 (83.20)   
  1. a Hukou is the household registration system in China. A Hukou record officially identifies a person as a resident of a particular place. Residents of China are mainly categorized into two types, rural Hukou and urban Hukou
  2. b Quartiles of the household monthly income, and Quartile 1(Q1) is the poorest and Quartile 4(Q4) is the richest
  3. c Maternity insurance is a social insurance system that provides medical services, maternity benefits and maternity leave by the state and society when women workers who are pregnant and giving birth temporarily interrupt their labor
  4. d Maternal health education included reproduction education and contraception education
  5. e Maternal health records is a record of maternal and infant health examination throughout their pregnancy, childbirth, puerperium and 42 days postpartum