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Table 4 Bivariate and multivariate analysis of socio-demographic and reproductive health characteristics influencing birth preparedness and complication readiness

From: Awareness and practice of birth preparedness and complication readiness among pregnant women in the Bamenda Health District, Cameroon

Characteristics Birth preparedness and complication readiness N = 345     
Unprepared N = 280 n (%) Prepared N = 65 n(%) Bivariate OR (95% CI) p-value Multivariate OR (95% CI) p-value
Age
 15–24 65 (23.2) 17 (26.1) 1c   1c  
 25–34 173 (61.8) 38 (58.5) 7.43 (0.95, 58.40) 0.057* 5.10 (0.58, 45.12) 0.143
 35–44 42 (15.0) 10 (15.4) 6.57 (0.52, 83.76) 0.147 7.42 (0.51,108.41) 0.143
Level of education
 Primary and below 101 (36.1) 9 (13.8) 1c   1c  
 Secondary 132 (47.1) 30 (46.1) 2.55 (1.16, 5.61) 0.020* 2.1 (0.92, 4.8) 0.079
 University 47 (16.8) 26 (40.0) 6.21 (2.70, 14.28) 0.001* 2.5 (0.95, 6.73) 0.064
Occupation
 No employment 101 (36.1) 22 (33.8) 1c   1c  
 Gov’t employee 21 (7.5) 16 (24.6) 3.50 (1.58, 7.76) 0.002* 0.75 (0.18, 3.15) 0.699
 Private/self-employee 158 (56.4) 27 (41.5) 0.79 (0.4, 1.45) 0.440 0.50 (0.24, 1.02) 0.056
Monthly income
 0–49,999 213 (76.1) 28 (43.1) 1c   1c  
 50,000–99,999 64 (22.8) 33 (50.8) 3.29 (1.69, 6.40) 0.001* 2.94 (1.39, 6.25) 0.005*
 100,000–300,000 3 (1.1) 4 (6.1) 5.95 (2.86, 12.38) 0.001* 3.0 (0.81, 11.68) 0.100
Residence
 Rural 100 (35.7) 17 (26.2) 1c   1c  
 Urban 180 (64.3) 48 (73.8) 1.57 (0.86, 2.87) 0.145 1.63 (0.82, 3.22) 0.162
Number of ANC visits
 2–3 209 (74.6) 36 (55.4) 1c   1c  
 4–9 71 (25.4) 29 (44.6) 2.37 (1.35, 4.14) 0.002* 2.16 (1.18, 3.90) 0.013*
Knowledge on danger signs
 0–2 198 (70.7) 36 (55.4) 1c   1c  
 3–5 82 (29.3) 29 (44.6) 1.95 (1.12, 3.38)* 0.018* 1.39 (0.75, 2.58) 0.294
  1. *significant values (p < 0.05)