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Fig. 1 | BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth

Fig. 1

From: A qualitative cross-cultural analysis of NICU care culture and infant feeding in Finland and the U.S.

Fig. 1

Conceptualization of the Global Theme, “Lactation as a Means or an End”. This diagram outlines the different ways parents are allowed to interact with their infants (“means”) and the clinical intention for these engagement methods (“ends”). This diagram further elucidates how breastfeeding is one mean to achieve closeness in Finland, while pumping is one of few means for parents to contribute to infant health in the U.S

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