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Table 2 Characteristics of included studies

From: Maternal health service utilisation of adolescent women in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic scoping review

No Authors/Year Country of study Sample size Type of care Outcome measured Study design/data collection method Data Analysis Theoretical Approach
1 [24] Ethiopia 994 women aged between 14 and 19 ANC Factors influencing the utilisation of ANC Survey/ Quantitative Bivariate and multivariate analyses N/A
2 [25] Kenya 1675 women aged 15–24 ANC Relationship between timing of first (ANC) visit and type of delivery assistance Survey/ Quantitative Multivariate logistic regression N/A
3 [16] Nigeria 2434 married adolescents aged 15–19 ANC, Delivery and PNC Factors associated with maternity services Survey/ Quantitative Pearson chi-square test and binary logistic regression N/A
4 [26] Mali 1646 adolescent mothers age 15–19 ANC, Delivery and PNC Factors associated with the utilisation of maternal services Survey/Quantitative Bivariate and multivariate analyses N/A
5 [27] Zimbabwe 80 adolescent mothers aged 19 or younger ANC Factors influencing adolescents‘ non-utilisation of ANC services Quantitative Descriptive (Frequency and proportion Health belief model
6 [28] Niger 934 adolescent mothers aged 15–19 ANC, Safe delivery and Immunization Potential factors associated with the utilisation of MCH care services Survey/Quantitative Multivariate logistic regression models N/A
7 [29] Malawi 615 adolescents aged 10–19 years ANC Why antenatal care (ANC) programs for adolescents may need to be improved? Quantitative Chi-square test and binary logistic regression N/A
8 [30] Tanzania N = 440 ANC Factors influencing early and late ANC attendance Quantitative logistic regression models N/A
9 [31] Sub-Saharan Africa Data from 20 countries (total of 74,559 births) Safe delivery Perceived size of newborn and caesarean section deliveries among teenagers Quantitative and comparative study Multiple logistic regression models N/A
10 [32] Swaziland N = 33 pregnant adolescent mothers Safe delivery and PNC Quality of maternity care Quantitative and qualitative Content analysis Donabedian’s (1988) model
11 [33] South Africa N = 20 aged 12—19 years ANC Communication in ANC Qualitative Tesch‘s method of data analysis (Creswell, 2008:186) N/A
12 [34] Zimbabwe N = 40 ANC and PMTCT Gaps in service uptake Quantitative and retrospective analysis Multivariable binomial regression analysis N/A
13 [35] Nigeria N = 114 ANC, safe delivery and PNC Prevalence of pregnancy Complications and interventions Quantitative Fisher’s exact test N/A
14 [36] Kenya 898 female adolescents between 15 and 19 years ANC, skilled birth attendance and PNC Factors that impact maternity care utilisation Survey/ Quantitative Bivariate and multivariate analyses N/A
15 [37] Sudan 459 ANC and safe delivery Risk of anaemia, operative delivery, and perinatal complications Quantitative Chi-square test and Fisher’s exact test N/A
16 [38] Kenya 278 adolescent mothers aged 19 and younger ANC Factors affecting utilisation of ANC Survey/ Quantitative Bivariate and multivariate analyses N/A
17 [39] South Africa 383 ANC Factors that influence ANC uptake Quantitative and qualitative Bivariate and multivariate analyses N/A
18 [40] Malawi 2160 adolescent married women aged 15–19 ANC and PNC Factors that influence ANC and PNC Survey/ Quantitative Bivariate and multivariate analyses N/A
19 [15] Sub-Saharan Africa Data from 21 DHS countries were pooled ANC and Delivery Association between maternal age ANC and delivery care Survey/Quantitative Bivariate and multivariate analyses N/A
20 [41] Tanzania Adolescents aged 15–20 years ANC and RH service Barriers to SRH care Qualitative/focus group Thematic analysis Phenomenology
21 [42] Kenya 393 adolescents aged 15–19 ANC, skilled birth attendance and PNC Factors that influence ANC and PNC. Quantitative Multilevel logit models N/A
22 [43] Uganda N = 18 key informants (health workers and community leaders) ANC Factors affecting utilisation of teenager friendly ANC Qualitative Thematic analysis N/A
23 [11] Developing countries   ANC, safe delivery and immunisation. Utilisation of ANC, delivery and PNC Survey/Quantitative Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression N/A
24 [44] Kenya 301 adolescent mothers aged 15–19 years ANC, safe delivery and PNC Maternity care utilisation Survey/Quantitative Bivariate and multivariate analyses N/A
25 [45] Central and west Africa Adults aged 20–49 and Adolescent aged 10–19 ANC HIV testing in ANC Survey/Quantitative Bivariate and multivariate analyses N/A
26 [46] South Africa 18 adolescent,15–19 yrs ANC and PNC Maternity care perception Qualitative   Grounded theory
27 [47] Kenya 13–19 years ANC Factors influencing utilisation of antenatal care service among teenagers Survey/Quantitative chi square test and logistic regression N/A