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Table 3 Association of variables with Candida colonization among pregnant women at Debre Markos Referral hospital, Northwest Ethiopia, May2017

From: Prevalence, risk factors and antifungal susceptibility pattern of Candida species among pregnant women at Debre Markos Referral Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia

CharacteristicsCandidaCrude-OR
(95.0% CI)
Adjusted-OR
(95.0% CI)
PositiveNegativeTotalOR (Lower-Upper)OR (Lower-Upper)p-value
18–2535(18%)159(82%)194(50.5%)1  
26–3351(31.1%)113(68.9%)164(42.7%)2.050(1.25–3.35)1.89(1.02–3.49).041
34–4010(38.5%)16(61.5%)26(6.8%)2.839(1.18–6.78)2.27(1.01–7.30).046
Symptom
 Symptomatic46(40.5%)67(59.3%)113(29.4%)3.035(1.86–4.92)2.69(1.60–4.52)<.001
 Asymptomatic50(18.7%)221(81.5%)271(70.6%)1  
antibiotic use
 No68(21%)256(79%)324(84.4)1  
 Yes28(46.7%)32(53.3)60(15.6%).034 (0.17–0.53).393(0.21–0.72).003
Contraceptive use
 No15(12.8%)102(87.2%)117(30.5%)1  
 Yes81(30.3%)186(69.7%)267(69.5%).338 (0.18–61).394(0.20–0.74).004
Gravidity
 Primigravida36(20.1%)143(79.9%)179(46.6%)1  
 Multigravida60(29.3%)145(70.7%)205(53.4%).608(0.37–0.97).909(0.49–1.67).758
HIV status
 Negative82(23.8%)262(76.2%)344(89.6%)1  
 Positive14(35%)26(65%)40(10.4%)1.720(.85–3.44).629(.54–2.71).629
Gestational period
 1st trimester9(23.1%)30(76.9%)39(10.2%)1  
 2nd trimester32(23.7%)103(76.3%)135(35.2%)1.036(.44–2.40).937(.37–2.35).890
 3rd trimester55(26.2%)155(75%)210(54.7%)1.183(.52–2.64)1.040(.43–2.50).930